Palatine of Hungary

The Office of the Palatine Hill (Latin: comes palatii, comes palatine, later palatine ( regni ), Hungarian: nádorispán / nádor; Slovak:: nádvorný Župan / span nádvorný later: Palatine / Nádvorník, Kroat palatin or dvorjanik. . ) Was during the entire existence of the Kingdom of Hungary (10th century - 1918), the highest office in the kingdom.

The corresponding office was most likely in the 10-11. Century taken along the lines of Great Moravia. Originally, the Palatine Hill, the administrator of the royal court, from the end of the 12th century, he was the representative of the king, especially as chief judge (especially in the country ). As of the end of the 14th century, he was also a royal governor. In the Middle Ages the Palatine Hill was appointed on time (proposed by the king, approved by Parliament ) from 1526 for life. In the 16th - 18th Century, it was, inter alia, Chairman of the State Parliament. As of 1848, the function only symbolic.

List of Palatine

(still very incomplete)

Rule of the Árpád

The Árpád were the first ruling family of Hungary whose nationals of 1001 governed the country until 1301 when kings.

  • Samuel Aba (before 1041 )
  • Heidrich from the family of Héder (1162-1164)
  • Henry II from the family of the lords of Güns ( 1260 )
  • Amadeus Aba (1288-1289, 1290-1291, 1293, 1295-1296, 1297-1298, 1299-1301 )


The (older) House of Anjou was a side branch of the family of the Capetians. It originates from Karl Stephan of France ( * 1226, † 1285).

  • Nikola Kont Iločki (1356-1367)
  • Władysław II of Opole ( 1370 )
  • Miklós ( Nicholas) Széchy ( 1385-1386 )

Phase alternating royal

Turkish wars and division

Ludwig II was in 1526 at the Battle of Mohács. After a subsequent civil war (1527-1538) between the Habsburgs and Johann Zápolya and the conquest of Buda by the Turks (1541 ), the Kingdom of Hungary lost a part of its territory to the Ottoman Empire (see Sultans of the Ottoman Empire ), another to the under Ottoman suzerainty standing Principality of Transylvania ( cf. Prince of Transylvania ). The rest of the kingdom was under the name "Royal Hungary " part of the Habsburg Empire. It was not until 1691, then definitely in the Treaty of Karlowitz in 1699 and 1718, the Kingdom of Hungary was reunited under Habsburg suzerainty.

Again United Hungary in the Habsburg Monarchy