Palm, Inc.

The company Palm Inc. was a manufacturer of PDAs ( personal digital assistants) and smartphones. In April 2010, Palm was acquired by Hewlett -Packard. Since October 2010, therefore, the company operates under the name HP Palm.

  • 2.1 products 2.1.1 Palm Pilot series
  • 2.1.2 Palm m- series
  • 2.1.3 Palm Tungsten series
  • 2.1.4 Palm Treo series
  • 2.1.5 Palm LifeDrive
  • 2.1.6 Palm Pre series Palm Pre
  • Palm Pre Plus
  • Palm Pre 2
  • HP Pre 3
  • Palm Pixi
  • Palm Pixi Plus


Palm was founded in 1992 by Jeff Hawkins, Donna Dubinsky and Ed Colligan. The capital to start the company came from Tandy et al. Palm gradually gained beside Tandy other partners, such as Casio, GeoWorks or AOL. In 1992, Palm, even before the launch of the Apple Newton, the Zoomer their first product. The Zoomer was a flop in the emerging PDA market and the partners of Palm lost interest. In financial difficulty through the failure of the Zoomer and the development of a successor, Palm was acquired in 1996 by U.S. Robotics for 44 million U.S. dollars and was able to because now capital was available again in April of the same year the " pilot " to the market bring. In March 1997, 3Com U.S. Robotics bought for 7.8 billion U.S. dollars, also palm. As of December 1997, there was also another company to license the Palm OS operating system. In March 2000, Palm Inc. was listed on the stock exchange. Since August 2003, was named the hardware department of Palm palmOne. The software department, the Palm OS had developed was outsourced to an independent company called PalmSource. This cleavage was not in dispute, but it was planned for a long time. Since the beginning of July 2005, the company operated again under the name of palm, Inc. end of April 2010 took over HP Palm, Inc. for a total of 1.2 billion U.S. dollars (914 million euros).

Competition from Microsoft

Palm has the shape of the pen-driven pocket computer co-invented and had for a long time a quasi- monopoly. The Palm devices were characterized by an easy-to -learn and resource-efficient operating system and over a long period almost unchanged hardware. Almost the entire handheld market has been dominated by the developed of Palm devices, or equipment of other companies that used the Palm operating system.

That changed when Microsoft institutions made ​​after the turn of the millennium, revamp, with its Pocket PC handheld market. Were the first devices still error prone and somewhat expensive, so it succeeded at the second attempt but to penetrate with improved devices from Casio, HP, Compaq, and many other manufacturers in the market.

In contrast to the then minimum equipment of Palm handhelds Pocket PCs offered fast processors, lots of color, sound and a Windows -like operating system. The Pocket PC Palm began to decrease the market share.

Then appeared with the Tungsten T is the first Palm OS 5 handheld. He offered a high-resolution color display, a fast processor and "right" sound (as opposed to the beeps previous Palms ). Previously, Sony had already reacted with the CLIE handheld devices with better display, sound and modified for multimedia applications version of Palm OS on the market.

The Tungsten T marked the beginning of a complete modernization of the Palm product line. The old Palms from the m-and III series were completely displaced by a two-part offer from Tungsten and Zire. All devices now offered an ARM processor with clock speeds between 200 and 400 MHz, an expansion slot for SD-/MMC-Cards and the current operating system. Except for the Zire 31 and the Z22, the color displays offered a resolution of 160x160px, all appliances worked with a high-resolution color screen.

In October 2004, Palm merged with the company founded by former employees Handspring. Handspring developed from Palm PDAs Handspring Treo, oriented towards mobile communication handheld series, almost all of which had a built-in phone. The flagship product Handspring, Treo was one of the first smartphones, was further developed by Palm and launched in early 2006 in a version with the Microsoft operating system Windows Mobile 5.0 on the market.


→ Main article: Open WebOS

Since the last public version 5.4 of the Palm OS, which has now been renamed Garnet, had some technical limitations that the use of technologies such as UMTS or WLAN made ​​difficult, among other things, the hardware facilities of the newer Palm devices could not with the other manufacturers who licensed Windows Mobile, keep up. Added to this was a new competitor the Apple iPhone.

In order to gain greater market share again, palm sat on the newly developed operating system webOS, which had the working name Nova. At CES 2009, Palm announced the first details of it, and set as the first device with the operating system the Palm Pre before.

Acquisition by Hewlett -Packard

Sales of the Pre fell far short of expectations, which led to a slump in the share price by 69 % as well as takeover rumors between autumn 2009 and spring 2010. On 19 April 2010 it was announced that software Palms Chef Michael Abbot would leave the company. A day later, reported the Wall Street Journal that the large U.S. retail chain RadioShack now no longer had Palm products in the range. Less than a week later, on 28 April 2010, gave Hewlett -Packard and Palm officially announced that HP will buy up Palm.




Palm Pilot series

→ Main article: Palm Pilot

The Palm Pilot was the first PDA from Palm, which appeared in 1996. The device was designed for stylus operation and therefore did not have its own keyboard. Developed specifically for the Palm OS device running on a Motorola Dragonball processor. Were available at the beginning depending on the model 256 kB to 512 kB of RAM. Starting in 1997, IBM made ​​Palm Pilots licenses under the name " WorkPad ".

Palm m- series

→ Main article: Palm m100

The end of 2000 brought out the Palm model m100, which appeared with the beginning of 2001 m105 was marketed as entry-level model. Featuring a monochrome display PDAs worked as before the Palm Pilot models with a Motorola Dragonball processor. Later, the Palm m125 and m130 followed with a higher clock frequency, a newer version of PalmOS and a colored screen (only m130 ).

Palm Tungsten series

→ Main article: Palm Tungsten

In 2002, Palm launched with the Tungsten T is a new series, which was directed primarily at business customers. Most models were equipped with Bluetooth or WiFi, and with a high resolution screen. The E- models within the Tungsten series belonged to the entry-level business handhelds, while the T, C and W models Business users should respond with higher demands. The final product of the Tungsten series is the Palm T | X, which represented the top model of the series with 128 MB RAM and a 312 MHz XScale processor.

Palm Treo series

→ Main article: Palm Treo

The first Treo models were manufactured by Handspring. Later Handspring merged with Palm; The two companies formed the company palmOne. The majority of the various Treo models had a telephone modem, so these devices could also be telephoned. Initially put both Handspring and palmOne on PalmOS, later there were parallel to its use devices with Windows Mobile. The first model with the Microsoft operating system was the Treo 700w, which in early 2006 was introduced to the market. The final product of the Treo line was the Treo Pro, which was published in 2008.

Palm LifeDrive

→ Main article: Palm LifeDrive

The Palm LifeDrive is a PDA, which in 2005 came on the market and be the first Palm device Wi-Fi and Bluetooth offered together. The built-in ARM processor clocked at 416 MHz. The operating system PalmOS came in version 5.4 are used. Unlike all other handhelds this device with a hard drive for storing data, resulting in a higher storage capacity could be achieved. This had, however, a negative impact on access times and battery life. The device was manufactured by early 2007.

Palm Pre series

Palm Pre

→ Main article: Palm Pre

The Palm Pre arrived in the U.S. on 6 July 2009 on the market. The U.S. edition was a CDMA device not compatible with European mobile networks. A version of the Pre as GSM / UMTS device was from 13 October 2009 by o2, introduced in some European countries, including Germany. The device is available both without and with contract.

On your smartphone developed by Palm webOS operating system will be used. This is driven by a clocked at 500 MHz system on a chip from Texas Instruments. As memory, 256 MB RAM and 8 GB of internal memory as data flash memory. Unlike many other smartphones the Pre has a vertically extendable keyboard. The 3.1 -inch capacitive touchscreen with 320x480 pixels dissolves and supports multi-touch.

Palm Pre Plus

At the Consumer Electronics Show 2010 Palm announced the Pre Plus. This unit has compared to its predecessor a slightly different design and a better processing. In addition, the capacity of the internal memory was at 16 GB and RAM each doubled to 512 MB ​​.

Palm Pre 2

In October 2010, HP introduced the Palm / Pre 2 before the official. It represented the third generation of Palm Pre and ran as the first device running webOS version 2.0. The processor clock speed was increased to 1 GHz and increases the camera resolution to 5 megapixels. In addition, the design was slightly changed. Instead of the rounded surface of the previous models in the Pre 2 has a flat front of scratch- resistant Gorilla Glass was installed.

HP Pre 3

In February, the / the Pre 3 has been officially announced for the summer of 2011. One of the key developments over the non- displaced in German-speaking Pre 2 includes a front camera which enables video calls, as well as a 1.4 GHz processor.

Palm Pixi series

Palm Pixi

In September 2009, Palm announced on his blog on the Palm Pixi. It acted as a low- cost device and was directed primarily to smartphone beginners. The display is slightly smaller than that of the Palm Pre with 2.6 inches 320 x 400 pixels and triggers on. In contrast to the Pre Pixi does not support WiFi. The device is available only on the U.S. mobile operator Sprint.

Palm Pixi Plus

At the Consumer Electronics Show 2010 Palm announced the Pixi Plus with Wi-Fi. There is also the possibility to transform the Pixi Plus into a Wi-Fi hot spot for up to five devices simultaneously.

HP Veer

Coinciding with the Pre 3 HP Veer was announced with a 800 MHz processor and a display with 2.6 inches diagonal. It has a pull as the pre QWERTY keyboard and designed to replace the Pixi.

HP TouchPad

→ Main article: HP TouchPad

Also in February 2011, HP announced the TouchPad for the summer of 2011. The TouchPad is a tablet with a 9.7 -inch display and a dual-core processor at 1.2 GHz, which runs on WebOS.