Template: Infobox Island / Maintenance / image missing
Panay is a large island in the archipelago of the Visayas, which belongs to the Philippines.
Panay has an area of 12,297.1 km ² and about 3.42 million inhabitants. On the island Aklanon, Hamtikan and Hiligaynon are spoken.
The island has the shape of an east-facing triangle and measures in length as in width more than 130 km. Extending in a north-south direction Central Panay Mountains, whose highest peak is Mount Madias with 2,117 meters above sea level extends on the west coast. The mountains go east into a gently rolling countryside and on the coasts of the north and east, wide open plains stretch. In the extreme north- east of the island Bancal Bay is, these are the islands of Gigantes, Calagnaan, Sicogon upstream. West of Bancal Bay, on the north coast, lies the great sweeping bay of Pilar. To the east of the island of Panay Pan de Azucar, on which the 606 -meter high mountain Manaphaga rises and forms a striking landmark is located. The island is crossed by a number of rivers, such as the Aklan, the Jalaur, the Iloilo and the Panay River. The alkane River forms at its mouth, near the town of Kalibo is a 250 km ² river delta from the Kalibo wetland is called.
To the north it borders the Sibuyan Sea, on the northeast by the Jintotolo Channel, on the east by the Visayan Sea, on the south by the Guimaras Strait and the Gulf of Panay, in the west by the Sulu Sea, and on the northwest by the Tablas street.
To the north are the Romblonen and Masbate, Bantayan on the east and the large island of Negros, to the south is the smaller island of Guimaras.
The northwestern peninsula of Panay is since April 2002 completely protected, it is called the Northwest Panay Peninsula Natural Park. In Bulabog - Putian National Park you can learn about the natural environment and the archaeological excavations on the island of Panay.
It is divided into four provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz and Iloilo. The main cities of the island - corresponding to the four provinces - are Kalibo, San Jose de Buenavista, Roxas City and Iloilo City. Since March 10, 1917 Panay is its own province.
Panay belongs together with the western half of the island of Negros - Negros Occidental - and the islands of Semirara, the Caluya Islands, Boracay, Maniguin, Mararison, Batbatan, Binuluangan, Jintolo, Gigantes, Calagnaan, Sicogon, Anauayan and Guimaras for Western Visayas (Region VI ).
On Panay, there are places worth seeing: the island of Boracay, Phaidon Beach, Bugang River and Malumpati Cold Spring in Pandan, Mararison, Batbatan and Maniguin Islands, Buswang Beach, Hawili Falls, Danawan Cave, Panao Lake, Pula Waterfalls, Baybay Beach, Moro Towers, Suhot Spring, Anhawan Beach, Molo Church and Roca Encantada.
In the southwest is the Sibalom Nature Park. On the island of Panay monitor lizard and the Panayhornvogel lives.
Rice, coconut, banana, abaca, wheat, mango, sugar and tobacco are the agricultural products Panays.
Gold, silver, copper, manganese, marble, coal, chromium, magnetite, kaolin, salt, sand and stones come in the form of natural resources.
The island can be reached by plane or ferry. The old (now converted into a shopping mall ) airport and the port for the ship inverted located within Iloilo City. The Iloilo International Airport is located just north of the city.
On the island there are buses, jeepneys and tricycles called.
The best-known legends are abound in the colonization of the island Maragtas the legend and the legend of the Code of Kalantiaw, both legends are known throughout the Philippines, even if there are some controversy about its authenticity.