Pangasinan is a Philippine province in the Ilocos region on the main island of Luzon. The provincial capital is Lingayen, which is located at the Gulf of Lingayen and at the mouth of the river Agno. Pangasinan borders on other provinces such as La Union and Benguet to the north, Nueva Vizcaya and Nueva Ecija to the east, and Zambales and Tarlac to the south. To the west lies the South China Sea. In established already in 1578 the province, which has an area of 5368 km ², 2,779,862 inhabitants ( census May 1, 2010 ), resulting in a population density of 518 inhabitants per km ². In the field next to Pangasinan and Ilocano and Bolinao is spoken. The proportion of Pangasinans and Ilokanos is approximately equal. Current governor of Pangasinan since 2007 Amado Espino.
In Lingayen Gulf is also home to the Hundred Islands National Park, a national park with 123 small islands.
Cities and municipalities
Pangasinan is subdivided into 44 municipalities and 4 cities, which in turn are divided into 1,364 barangays:
- San Carlos
- San Fabian
- San Jacinto
- San Manuel
- San Nicolas
- San Quintin
- Santa Barbara
- Santa Maria
- Santo Tomas
The name Pangasinan literally means " The place where salt is made ". The name refers to the longstanding salt production in the province.
The Spanish conquistador Martín de Goiti came in 1571 from Pampanga Pangasinan after. A year later reached the Conquistador Juan de Salcedo at sea from the south of the Gulf of Lingayen and ended up as at the mouth of Agno. 1611 Pangasinan was officially appointed to the province who are still at that stage included parts of today's provinces. Among Zambales, La Union and Tarlac. Lingayen was thereby rendered the provincial capital and remains so to this day. The inhabitants of the province rose repeatedly against the Spanish domination, the most famous uprisings were the Malong Rebellion (1660-1661) and the Palaris Uprising ( 1762-1765 ).
The Lingayen Gulf was an important strategic points in the Second World War. Japanese troops landed under the command of Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma in Pangasinan in December 1941, just days after the attacks on Pearl Harbor and thus began the occupation of the country. It was not until 1945, the province of the American troops was liberated from the Japanese.
For the House of Representatives of the Philippines, the province has six electoral wards that are currently occupied by the following Members: