The Pannonian Plain ( Pannonian Basin or Carpathian Basin also ) is a large low country in southern Central Europe, which is crossed by the middle reaches of the Danube and from the lower reaches of the river Tisza. The basin is located mainly in Hungary, but have five more states share in it. Geologically it is related to the ( much smaller ) Vienna Basin and the orogeny of the Carpathian arc. It is separated by the Carpathian Mountains of western part of the Eurasian steppes, a large area of vegetation.
" Pannonia " and " Pannonian "
The name is derived from Pannonia, which since 9 AD was a Roman province, and the people living there the Pannonians. Pannonia not included the eastern Hungary, however, parts of Slovenia and Croatia between the great rivers Drava and Sava.
Today Pannonian also means:
- Warm, dry summer climate, Pannonian climate
- The Pannonian floral province, which forms the westernmost part of the South Siberian - Pontic- Pannonian region Flore.
- The deposits of a vast sedimentary basin between the foothills of the Alps, the Carpathian Mountains and the Bergland Lake Balaton.
- Pannonisch a layer of these sediments was called, reaching a depth of nearly 10 km at Győr. The approximately 6 million years old Pannon got its name because it is often at the edge of the Pannonian Plain or under glacial gravel outcrops.
The Hungarian Central Mountains (at the Danube Bend ) divides them into a smaller part of the West ( Little Hungarian Plain ) and a larger eastern part ( Great Plain ), to the morphology and the adjacent areas in the south of Backa and Banat belong. The Pannonian Plain extends from west to east over nearly 400 kilometers from north to south it stretches out over nearly 300 kilometers.
Geology is the Plain one of the major sedimentary basins of Europe, whose to 8 km thick deposits were formed by the Paratethys in a lasting from early Tertiary to Pliocene period of subsidence. Mainly the basin fill was in the Miocene - in the named Pannonia period Pannon before 5-10 million years ago when the sea dried out, which had occupied this space before. The Pannonian Plain is (eastern spur ), the Carpathians, the Balkan Mountains and the Dinaric Alps, surrounded by the mountain ranges of the Alps.
Politically, the Pannonian plain is now one of seven different states. It comprises the major part of Hungary, the eastern border of Austria (northern Burgenland Seewinkel edge of the Vienna Basin ), the southern lowlands of Slovakia ( area of Bratislava, the Danube bulk Islands and the District of Košice on the border with Ukraine), to the west of Romania, the north of Serbia, the north-east of Croatia and the far west of Ukraine ( Transcarpathian Oblast ).
- Landscape in Europe
- Region in Hungary
- Region in Europe
- Region in Burgenland
- Geography (Croatia )
- Geography (Romania )
- Geography (Serbia )
- Geography (Slovakia )
- Geology by region