Papal conclave, 2013
In the conclave in 2013, which began on March 12, 2013, was on March 13, 2013, the fifth round of the current Archbishop of Buenos Aires and Primate of Argentina, Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, to succeed the retiring Pope Benedict XVI. selected. He took the name Pope Francis.
- 2.1 Procedure
- 2.2 eligible voters Cardinals 2.2.1 Non- participating cardinals
- 2.2.2 Participating Cardinals
After Benedict XVI. had announced on February 11, 2013, in the certainty that " my powers are no longer suitable due to the advanced age to adequately exercise the Petrine ministry ", to February 28, 2013, 20 clock (CET ) "on the post of Bishop of Rome, the Successor of Peter, [ ... ] to renounce " ended when the see is vacant, the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church to the College of Cardinals on. It took over the Camerlengo, as chairman of the Special Congregation, the administration of the Roman Catholic Church. The election regulations resulted from the Apostolic Constitution Universi Dominici Gregis and the Motu proprios De aliquibus mutationibus in normis and Norma nonnullas. The Motu proprio Norma nonnullas Benedict XVI. from February 22, 2013 now expressly permitted to be able to begin the conclave before the expiration of 15 clear days See is vacant, if it is established that all the Cardinal electors are present. On 8 March, the College of Cardinals on 12 March decided as the beginning of the conclave.
During the period of vacancy following positions remain and have continued to exercise:
- Camerlengo: Tarcisio Cardinal Bertone
- Major Penitentiary: Cardinal Manuel Monteiro de Castro
- Cardinal Vicar of the Diocese of Rome, Cardinal Agostino Vallini
- Cardinal Archpriest of the Vatican Basilica: Cardinal Angelo Comastri
- Vicar General for Vatican City: Cardinal Angelo Comastri
- Substitute of the Secretariat of State: Giovanni Angelo Becciu
- Secretary for Relations with States: Dominique Mamberti
- Almoner of His Holiness: Guido Pozzo
College of Cardinals
The College of Cardinals had to ensure the normal administrative operation of the church until the election of a new pope. It was expressly prohibited to make fundamental changes in the governance of the universal Church. In the College of Cardinals following the Cardinals particular outstanding features were:
- Cardinal Dean: Angelo Cardinal Sodano
- Kardinalsubdekan: Cardinal Roger Etchegaray
- Cardinal Proto priests: Cardinal Paulo Evaristo Arns
- Cardinal deacon: Jean -Louis Cardinal Tauran
The Dean had informed all the Cardinals of the Holy See is vacant and ordered them to the conclave in the Vatican City.
With the beginning of the Holy See is vacant two congregations were formed, the General Congregation and the Particular Congregation. At the daily general congregations attended by all cardinals. The first General Congregation took place on 4 March 2013. The Particular Congregation consists only of the Camerlengo as chairman and one each cardinal bishop, cardinal priest, and cardinal deacon. The following Cardinals were a member of the Special Congregation:
- 4th - 6th March 2013: Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, Cardinal Sepe Crescenzio Cardinal Franc Rode and;
- 7th - 9th March Béchara Pierre Raï Cardinal, Cardinal Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya and Velasio Cardinal De Paolis;
- 11th - 13th March 2013: Cardinal Antonios Naguib, Marc Cardinal Ouellet and Cardinal Francesco Monte Risi.
The conclave was ( German: " Mass for the election of the bishop of Rome " ) on March 12, 2013, the votive Mass " Missa Pro Eligendo Romano Pontifice " opened in St. Peter's Basilica. The measuring celebration was Cardinal Dean Angelo Sodano, concelebrated with the Cardinals Bertone and Re. Benedict XVI. , Who had extended the previously existing only for Cardinal electors mandatory participation by its Normas nonnullas to all cardinals participated in the exhibition itself does not participate. At 16:30 clock pulled the Cardinals in a solemn procession from the chapel Paolinischen in the Sistine Chapel, took an oath. Subsequently, all participants were not excluded on the conclave by the ceremonial Extra omnes. After the first and after the third ballot rose on March 12 at 19:41 clock and on March 13 at 11:38 clock black smoke from the Sistine Chapel on. In the fifth ballot finally Jorge Mario Bergoglio reached the required two -thirds majority. At 19:06 clock white smoke signaled the election of a new pope. The cardinal deacon Jean -Louis Tauran announced at 20:13 clock on the Habemus Papam the benediction loggia. Against 20:22 clock the new Pope was there, made a short speech, spoke to the people gathered in the square lots of prayers for his predecessor and donated at the end of the apostolic blessing Urbi et Orbi. Traditionally celebrated Francis his first Mass as Pope the next day in the Sistine Chapel with the Cardinals who had participated in the conclave, as votive Mass " Missa Pro Ecclesia " ( German: " Mass for the Church ").
Were entitled to vote cardinals who had not completed the day before the entry of the Holy See is vacant, so on 27 February 2013 at the age of 80, that is all born from 28 February 1933. 50 of the Cardinal electors were of John Paul II and Benedict XVI 67. appointed.
Giovanni Battista Re, the highest- electors Cardinal Bishop, director of the conclave since the two lined up ahead Cardinals Sodano and Etchegaray had already exceeded the voting age. Highest-ranking Cardinal elector priest was Godfried Danneels, the highest-ranking Cardinal elector Deacon Jean -Louis Tauran, the Cardinal as a deacon approached the task of proclaiming the election of the new Pope and his name.
Were entitled to vote as in 2005 a total of 117 cardinals.
Not participating cardinals
Of the Cardinal electors not participated in the conclave:
- Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja (Indonesia Indonesia, Archbishop Emeritus of Jakarta ) for health reasons
- Keith Patrick O'Brien (United Kingdom United Kingdom) after acceptance of his resignation from the office of the Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh.
The General Congregation had her request to be relieved of the obligation to participate, met on 8 March 2013.
The following voting 115 cardinals took part:
Participating in the conclave cardinals came from the following countries: