The original meaning of Ranger (of English. Range for " area range") is " guardian of a landscape area ". Content was the profession of the gamekeeper. In American literature today, the staff of the National Park Service and the United States Forest Service are called Ranger. As the profession there enjoys a high appreciation and the term Ranger is also associated in Europe with positive associations, it was taken over into German.
1872, the first national park was established in the U.S., the Yellowstone National Park. Eight years later, where he took Harry Yount 's first national park ranger in the world on his work.
Ranger in Germany
Working as a full-time caregiver of a protected area rangers in Germany, especially in the National Natural Landscapes ( national parks, biosphere reserves, nature parks ). Moreover, they are in protected areas, in Biological Stations, for communities, for foundations or freelance. They are also different regional " natural guardian", "National Park warden " or " Conservation warden " called.
The Ranger sees itself as a mediator between man and nature. This results in him following fields of activity:
The Ranger represents in Germany the first non-academic nature conservation profession. State recognition of the profession took place on March 14, 1998 effective date of the training regulation ( Federal Law Gazette No 14 of 13 March 1998) for / r "Certified natural and landscape manager / in ". This professional qualification for work as a Ranger was federally regulated and standardized. Prerequisite for admission to the examination is the origin of a "green" job. There is also a side entry clause that allows even people with other vocational qualifications to practice the profession. This means that the required knowledge can be obtained and detected by other means.