Partition of Bengal (1905)

The partition of Bengal in 1905 was carried out by the British ostensibly for administrative reasons, it was after several violent unrest in 1912 but reversed.


The Bengal Presidency was established in 1684 and administered by the East India Company until it was incorporated in 1858 the British Crown. The seat of government was in the fortress of Fort William in Calcutta. In 1877, Queen Victoria was given the title Empress of India, and the British declared Calcutta the capital of the " crown colony India." On October 16, 1905, India's most populous province of Bengal (one of the most active in the liberation struggle ) divided by the British ostensibly for administrative reasons - into a western part of the country including Bihar and Orissa with an overwhelming Hindu majority and an eastern part of the country, including the province of Assam with a significant Muslim majority. Indian nationalists saw this division as a means of British colonial masters to sow discord among the Bengali population that had always formed a unity in language and history. After several violent unrest the British revised the partition of Bengal in 1912. His formal end of the Bengal Presidency was with the Montague -Chelmsford Reforms 1919 until 1921. When in 1947 the partition of the former British colony of India after the Mountbattenplan in a Hindu part and a Muslim part was made the second partition of Bengal was again carried along almost the same boundaries as 1905.