Paul Lincke

Paul Lincke ( born November 7, 1866 in Berlin, † September 3, 1946 in Clausthal to Goslar; Complete name Carl Emil Paul Lincke ) was a German composer and theater conductor. He is considered the "father" of the Berlin opera and its importance for Berlin is to be compared with that of Johann Strauss and Vienna Jacques Offenbach in Paris. Paul Lincke lived in Berlin and was a 19-year theater conductor and music publishers.


The son of the Magistrate Lincke August servant and his wife Emilie Paul Lincke was born on 7 November 1866 in the vicinity of the Berlin Jungfernbrücke. Father August Lincke at the time played as a violinist in several small orchestras. Son Paul was only five years old when his father died. Emilie mother moved with her three children in the St. Adalbert, later in the railway road, near the Lausitzerplatz.

Paul's early musical inclinations were particularly noticeable in the taste for military music. That's why his mother sent him to completion of secondary school in the teaching to Wittenberg. Here he was trained in the Wittenberg town band of Rudolf Kleinow as a bassoonist. In addition, he learned to play the tenor horn, the drums, the piano and the violin.

His body measurements corresponded to 1884 without prejudice to provisions for military musician, when he applied to an education. Instead, he managed to get on the Central Theatre in the Old Jakobstraße with Adolf Ernst, a first engagement as a bassoonist. After just one year, he joined the orchestra of the Ostend- Theater in the Great Frankfurter Straße. He immediately fell in love with the 16 -year-old soubrette Anna Müller, whom he married a year later. His wife later celebrated under the name of Anna Müller- Lincke triumphs at the Berlin audience.

In the entertainment and dance music Lincke gathered at the royal theater, the Belle- Alliance Theatre and the parody Theatre in Orange Street valuable experience. He accompanied the musical variety programs and provided his own compositions for popular couplet singers. Venus on Earth, a revue -like one-act play, was created in 1897 at the Apollo Theatre in the Friedrichstrasse.

For two years Paul Lincke was the most famous European vaudeville, the Folies Bergère in Paris, celebrating. He then returned with new compositions at the Apollo Theater. With huge success in 1899 Mrs. Luna was premiered. In the same year, followed in the kingdom of Indra and 1902 operetta Lysistrata. For the libretto provided in both plants Heinz Bolten - Baeckers.

In 1901, was Lincke on a young actress who was known by the stage name Ellen Sousa. She played at the Friedrich- Wilhelm Municipal Theatre and Enchanted Lincke from the first moment. After the Sousa enthusiasts turned down the first invitation, which was an unusual situation for Lincke, he visited their ideas again and again and invited them each time anew one. The happiness he should soon give their proximity and a few weeks after their first meeting took Lincke the young Ellen Sousa in his apartment in the Orange Street 64 Their relationship was characterized by deep affection and passion. Lincke was not able to refuse her a wish and so it was that the Sousa " Frau Luna " sang at the Apollo Theatre.

Fantastic reviews and an enthusiastic audience could Sousa hope for a great career, but it was not to be. Little is known, this ratio is still unknown and the fact that Ellen Sousa had to break her stage work due to a pregnancy. 1902 gave birth to Ellen Sousa Lincke a son. Lincke now demanded that Sousa fulfill their maternal duties and must pass the stage work for this purpose. But a quarter later we heard Sousa again the " Frau Luna " on "Apollo" sing.

Lincke's attempts to come to terms with this situation, failed, and so he offered Ellen Sousa marriage and in return demanded that they leave the stage forever. She spoke to him from a cooling off period and tried in her new role as a housewife, mother and forever waiting. Paul Lincke experienced at this time, another wave of success, because his pieces were now in demand again in Paris. Next he spent the evenings, if not at the theater, in illustrious rounds or large companies, which Sousa could not attend. Lincke now demanded a response from Sousa and explained that he no longer wanted to see her and their son, should they opt for the stage. He gave its ten- day cooling off, went in this time for a guest performance, and when he returned after six days, Sousa and the child had moved out.

Years later married Ellen Sousa a wholesale merchant, whom she followed to Dresden and her son, without objection Linckes adopted. This was the final end of the relationship with Ellen Sousa and his son. Out of those events comes the waltz " spurned love."

The director of the Apollo Theater, Richard Schultz, committed Paul Lincke 1908 as Kapellmeister and composer at the Metropol Theatre, among whose pompous spectacular revues the biggest attraction of the capital.

In 1937, he received the Silver award plaque his hometown, on his 75th birthday, he was made ​​an honorary citizen of Berlin.

1943 guested Lincke in the Bohemian Marienbad, there to conduct his business Frau Luna, which premiered in 1899 is considered the birth of the Berlin operetta. During his absence, his home and his publisher were bombed in Berlin's Orange Street.

After the war, Lincke wanted to return to Berlin. Long he vainly strove to immigration permit the Allies, which at that time also needed as a native of Berlin.

With the help of the American General Pierce, he moved first with his housekeeper Johanna Hildebrandt, who already saw him for 35 years, in the Upper Franconian Arzberg. There, offered himself for the health is already affected Lincke not the right climate and so ensured friends in Lautenthal ( Upper Harz ) for a move to tap clover. He died shortly before his 80th birthday. After the funeral service in the stave church Clausthal his burial took place on the Hahnenkleer cemetery, where his grave is maintained until today.


Operettas (selection)

  • Venus on Earth (Berlin 1897)
  • Mrs. Luna (Berlin 1899)
  • In the kingdom of Indra (Berlin 1899)
  • Miss Loreley ( Berlin 1900)
  • Lysistrata (Berlin 1902)
  • Nakiris wedding, or The Star of Siam (Berlin 1902)
  • Princess Rosine (Berlin 1905)
  • Grigri (Berlin 1911)
  • Casanova ( Darmstadt 1913)
  • A dream of love (Hamburg 1940)

Waltz song, dances and marching songs

  • Verschmähte love
  • Schenk ' me a little bit of love
  • Up early to fünfe, little mouse
  • Locks, which are in the moon ( Frau Luna )
  • Fireflies ( Lysistrata )
  • Berliner Luft ( Frau Luna )
  • Card collectors march. Dedicated to the inventor of Postcards Lord John Miesler [ for piano ], underlaid with humorous texts by Paul Grossman, Berlin: International Music Publishing Apollo, circa 1920;