Paul Maye was one of the most successful French cyclist of his generation. In 1934 he was French road champion of the amateurs, the year after French military masters. In 1936, he stepped over to the professionals.
Twice, in 1938 and 1943, was Maye French road champion. In 1945, he won Paris -Roubaix. Three times he was the winner of Paris -Tours (1941, 1942 and 1945); a record he shares with Gustave Danneels, Guido Reybrouck and Erik Zabel. Six times he took part in the Tour de France 1936-1948. At the Tour de France in 1936, he won two stages at the other times he did not arrive in Paris.