Reclus attended the Protestant school in Sainte -Foy- la -Grande and studied medicine in Paris in 1867, where he received his doctorate in 1876. From 1879 he was a surgeon at a Paris hospital, received 1880 Agrégation and in 1895 professor at the Faculty of Medicine in Paris. He was a member of the Académie de Doctor.
Reclus was a surgeon, a pioneer in the use of cocaine as an anesthetic. He also led the clinical trials for the first viable synthetic substitutes for cocaine as a local anesthetic by, developed for the 1903 by Ernest Fourneau stovain.
He is the brother of Armand Reclus Geographers (1843-1927), explorer of the Panama Canal Zone, the anarchist and geographer Élisée Reclus, geographer Onésime Reclus (1837-1916), inventor of the concept of Francophonie, and the anthropologists, journalists, and anarchists Élie Reclus ( 1827-1904 ). He is not to be confused with the anarchist Paul Reclus (1858-1914), his nephew, the son of Élie.
- Notice sur Paul Broca, Baillère, 1880.
- De la syphilis you testicule, Masson, Paris, 1882.
- Clinique et critique chirurgicales, Masson, Paris, 1884.
- Manuel de external pathology, vol 1 ( Maladies communes à tous les tissus. Maladies of tissus ), Masson, 1885 online version at Archive.org
- Chirurgicales Cliniques de l' Hôtel -Dieu, Masson, 1888.
- Publisher Simon Duplay Traité de chirurgie, 8 volumes, Masson, from 1890.
- Inflammations, Traumatismes, maladies virulent, Masson, 1894.
- Cliniques de la Pitié chirurgicales, Masson, 1894.
- La cocaïne s surgery, Masson, Paris, 1895.
- L' anesthésie localisée par la cocaïne, Masson 1903
- Publisher with other Nouvelle Pratique médico- chirurgicale illustrée, 8 volumes, Masson, Paris 1911-1912.