Paul Renner ( born August 9, 1878 in Wernigerode, † April 25, 1956 in Hödingen; Complete name: Paul Friedrich August Renner ) was a German typographer, graphic designer and author, and is best known for his typeface Futura.
Paul Renner studied painting in Berlin, Munich ( Debschitz school) and Karlsruhe. Together with Emil Preetorius (1883-1973) he founded in 1909 the School of Illustration and Book Design in Munich, which was united in 1914 with the Debschitz - school to the Munich training workshops. In 1910 he was appointed to the Deutsche Werkbund. 1925 to 1926 he taught at the Frankfurt Art School advertising graphics and typography, where he was working for the New Frankfurt. Paul Renner was hired away from Frankfurt by 1927 in Munich entrusted him with the management of the Master School for Germany's printer. Renner returned for further talks and events always come back to Frankfurt.
The end of 1932 published a Swiss publishing Renner pamphlet entitled Kulturbolschewismus? , Which had already been found in Germany no publisher. In April 1933, Renner was arrested by the Nazis and relieved from office. In May 1933, he emigrated to Switzerland.
Renner worked for bookbinding Hubel and Denck.
In the 1920s, some geometric typefaces were popular. One of the most famous is the sans-serif Futura. The Futura has 15 font families, variations of Futura Futura light up the display. None of the other fonts designed by Renner almost reached the significance of Futura.
- Futura (1927 )
- Poster (1928 )
- Futura Black ( 1929)
- Futura Light (1932 )
- Ballad (1938 )
- Renner Antiqua (1939 )
- Steep Futura (1953-1954)
- Typography as art. Munich 1922.
- Mechanized graphics. Font, typography, photography, film, color. Berlin 1930.
- Cultural Bolshevism? Zurich in 1932.
- The art of typography. . Berlin 1939 ( a reprint: Augsburg 2003, ISBN 3-87512-414-6 )
- The modern book. Lindau 1946.
- Order and harmony of colors. A color theory for artists and craftsmen. Ravensburg 1947.
- From the Hand and publisher - binding. Lindau 1948
- From the mystery of the representation. Frankfurt 1955.
- The Artist in the mechanized world. Munich 1977