Paulo Evaristo Arns
- 2.1 Awards
- 2.2 honorary doctorates
Paulo Evaristo Arns was born the fifth of thirteen children of the German, coming from the Moselle area immigrants couple Gabriel Arns (1890-1965) and Helene Steiner ( 1894-1974 ). Three of his sisters are sisters, a brother is also a member of the Franciscan Order; Zilda Arns his sister was president of the Pastoral da Criança, the children ministry of the Catholic Church in Brazil. He is the uncle of Leonardo Ulrich Steiner, Auxiliary Bishop of Brasilia.
Study and priests
Paulo Evaristo Arns studied from 1941 to 1943 in Curitiba philosophy and theology from 1944 to 1947 in Petrópolis.
On December 10, 1943 Arns joined at the age of 22 years in the Franciscan order, and received on 30 November 1945 Dom José Alves Pereira, Archbishop of Niterói, the sacrament of Holy Orders. He worked in Petrópolis and taught simultaneously theology at the Catholic University of Petrópolis. 1950 followed by studies in literature, Latin, Greek and Ancient History at the University of Sorbonne in Paris before he returned to Petrópolis.
Bishop and cardinal
On 2 May 1966 he was appointed titular bishop of Respecta and auxiliary bishop in the Archdiocese of São Paulo. He received his episcopal consecration Cardinal Agnelo Rossi on July 3 of that year. As a motto he chose ex spe in spem (Latin for " From Hope in Hope," " From hope hoping ").
On October 22, 1970, he was appointed Archbishop of São Paulo. During the consistory of 5 March 1973 Pope Paul VI took it. as cardinal priest with the titular church of Sant'Antonio da Padova in Via tuscolana in the College of Cardinals to.
At the beginning of his tenure as Archbishop of São Paulo, he sold the bishop's palace and used the proceeds to build a community center in the favelas. Paulo Evaristo Arns is regarded as an advocate of liberation theology, and was as an opponent of the military dictatorship, one of the most popular men of the Church in Brazil. He started at the end of the 1970s, the research project Tortura Nunca maize ( "never again torture "). He was threatened by the so-called " death squads " of those in power, but continued to work.
Cardinal Arns was Chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo during the military dictatorship. He did there particularly praised by he allowed professors who had lost their professors at state universities for ideological reasons.
At the age of almost 77 years, he went on 15 April 1998 to retire, after he had his 75th birthday with Pope John Paul II brought the foreseen in canon law resignation already in 1996. At the conclave in 2005 after the death of Pope John Paul II and the conclave in 2013, he did not participate because he had the age of 80 years already passed.
Since the death of Eugênio de Araújo Sales in July 2012 Arns is the longest-serving cardinal priests and cardinal proto so priests. In addition to William Wakefield tree he is also the last surviving cardinal who. Nor of Paul VI was created.
Cardinal Arns wrote 49 books. The focus was the promulgation office in major cities and the literature of the early church. In addition, he wrote hundreds of articles for newspapers, where he was an editor before his episcopate.
- Dom Paulo or the love for the poor. A portrait of Cardinal Arns - Archbishop of Sao Paulo. German TV - documentary by Michael Albus, ZDF, 1986, about 35 minutes