Pedro de Mendoza

Pedro de Mendoza ( * 1487 in Guadix, Province of Granada, † June 23, 1537 on the Atlantic Ocean ) was a Spanish conquistador.


Mendoza came from a wealthy family from Almeria. He fought in Italy, joined the court of the Emperor Charles V in 1535 and led a well-equipped expedition of eleven ships to South America. After resting in the harbor of Rio de Janeiro, he reached the Rio de la Plata, where he founded the colony of Buenos Aires ( 1536). Some residents of his colony later drove up on the Río Paraná and the Paraguay River and established a branch in Asunción. Under great pressure by constant Indian attacks Mendoza, Buenos Aires to leave and decided to return to Spain, but died on the journey home.