Peer Gynt is a 1867 book written by Henrik Ibsen dramatic poem.
Peer Gynt was built on the original Norwegian fairy tale of Peter Christen Asbjørnsen. They were 1845-1848 published under the title above Folkesagn Norske Huldre - Eventyr. In his work, Ibsen began a critical look at the romantic nationalism in Norway of his time. He created it during his voluntary exile in Italy, especially in Ischia and Sorrento.
Peer Gynt was not originally written for the stage. However, some years after the completion Ibsen changed his mind and began to rework the until then in the reading version very successful poem to a stage version, which made some cuts with it. For this project, Edvard Grieg created the 26-part music drama Peer Gynt. The world premiere of the stage version along with Grieg's music was on 24 February 1876 at the Christiania Theatre in Christiania instead. From the spectacle of music presented Grieg in 1888 and 1891 his two Peer Gynt suites together.
Today, there is broad agreement about the fact that the national-romantic music of Grieg very bad fits to Ibsen's modern drama. Grieg has since voiced several times in letters that Peer Gynt will never win his sympathy. The Danish fairytale writer Hans Christian Andersen considered the work even for the most terrible thing he'd ever read. After the Second World War Harald Sæverud was commissioned to compose a new, more modern stage musical, which first sounded in connection with the piece in 1948. In contemporary theater productions, she is either no longer or only used ironically. The film adaptation from 2006 used regardless of this unity in the devaluation of Grieg 's composition, this without irony, and proves that it can even fit into a modern interpretation of the drama.
Translations into German, among other things exist by Ludwig Passarge, Christian Morgenstern and Hermann floor.
The main character is the young son of a peasant Peer Gynt, who tried with tall tales, to escape reality. So he ousted his father, who once very prestigious Jon Gynt, farm and possessions by mismanagement and numerous alcohol escapades lost. In Peers fantasy world, however, the run-down dwelling is still a shining palace. Even his own for-nothing he transfigured into heroism. He describes his mother Aase a breakneck ride on a " Bock " over a ridge, possibly Besseggen above the Gjendesees in Norwegian Jotunheimen.
From his mother peer is overprotected and glorified, but he will always share their version of life. In search of love and adventure, he soon finds himself again in a world of trolls and demons. He kidnaps Ingrid, the bride of another. At the same time, he falls in love with a native of pietistic home Solvejg that initially does not hear him, but later join him.
After a time jump of about 30 years, the now grown rich inter alia, through the slave trade Peer place in the fourth act in Morocco again. His ship, where his business partners is stolen with all the riches. After a prayer sinking the ship. Peer comes to terms with his poverty and turns to God. He is driven into the desert by a monkey attack where he takes refuge in an oasis. From the resident virgins he chooses Anitra, however, steals the last possessions. The low point of his life experienced peer in the madhouse at Cairo, where the German doctor projecting Doctor term Nordenfeldt.
Old and impoverished returns home Peer Gynt, where he has to fight for his soul. In a famous scene, peer compares with an onion, which has, however, exhibit many cases no core. In the gambling on a morning of Pentecost final scene, however, is Solvejg who has been waiting for the return of her lover for a lifetime, protectively in front of him and saves him.