Pemba (Arabic: الجزيرة الخضراء al - Jazirah al - Chadra ', DMG al - Ǧazīra al - Hadra ʾ, the green island', the Roman name of the island in antiquity: Pyralax ) is 984 km ² ( north-south extent of 67 km, East - West extension of up to 22 km) and approximately 360,000 inhabitants, the second largest island of the East African Zanzibar archipelago. Together with 50 km to the south island Unguja and Pemba numerous small secondary islands forming the semi-autonomous part of the state of Zanzibar in Tanzania.
Compared to the neighboring island of Unguja ( Zanzibar Island ) Pemba is more fertile and hilly. Pemba has several small offshore islands ( see Zanzibar Archipelago ), some of which are inhabited, and a number of partly difficult to access beaches of ( an otherwise strong mangrove vegetation and coral rock coast). Chake Chake main towns are - (airport ) Wete (parliament building), Mkoani ( Ferry ), Kengeja, Micheweni and Konde.
More than 95 % are the inhabitants of Pemba Muslims. Due largely to lack of social systems within the family network and the provision for old age by children is very important. The children must help early on in the household and with agriculture in the countryside.
The majority of the story tells the fate of his neighbors Pemba Zanzibar.
Pemba belongs politically to the semi-autonomous state of Zanzibar part of the United Republic of Tanzania. Since the early 1990s, a strong political opposition movement ( Civic United Front - CUF ) has to Pemba developed against the former single party CCM ( Chama Cha Mapinduzi ).
The Government of the Republic of Zanzibar calls recently to lead to increased environmental awareness. Fishing with poison or explosives shall be wholly suppressed, but the children are taught about sustainable farming practices of crops. Passages from the Koran underpin the new green movement.
Crops are cloves, but also coconuts, rice, nutmeg, bananas, sugar cane, mango, jackfruit, papaya, pineapple, Bungo, okra, tomato, pepper and cassava.
During the several months of clove harvest season mats are designed in many places on the island, where the cloves ( Swahili: Karafuu ) are designed for several days to dry. The clove harvest drew earlier every year, migrant workers from the mainland; the harvesting operations are dangerous because the not yet bloomed flower stem must be picked from the very high clove tree by hand. However, the fall in world market prices for carnations allows only low wages, so that today most local workers will be employed in case of need.
Industry and Infrastructure
While significant industrial enterprises to find any on the island. Due to the deep Seegrabens between Pemba and Zanzibar and the mainland Pemba could not be supplied with power from the outside by 2010. There was therefore in Chake - Chake Wesha at a private oil power plant, which does not, however, was able to supply the whole island. Frequent power cuts therefore were common or were each supplied only part of the island with power in exchange. On 3 June 2010, a 36 kV submarine power cables (78 km length, depth up to 850 m) has been released, with which now the island is largely supplied with reliable electricity from the mainland Thong.
For some time now are oil deposits in Tundaua on the west coast known ( Tundaua oil seep ). 2010 licenses were granted for the onshore and offshore exploration of oil and gas.
Tourist Pemba date, little developed despite its diverse scenic beauty and now relatively good road network, in contrast to Zanzibar. There are some beaches usually high-priced hotels that are within the rule only with repoussoir transportation or a rental car; be found in the towns of Chake Chake -, Wete and Mkoani each several hotels and guesthouses in different categories.
To promote tourism are the Department of Surveys and Mapping in Chake Chake - with support from the Beuth University of Technology Berlin since 1992, a map with a detailed travel guide and Maps out.