Peniche, Portugal

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / No Freguesia

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Template: Infobox city in Portugal / maintenance / management location is empty Template: Infobox city in Portugal / Maintenance / Web page is blank Peniche ( Portuguese pronunciation: [ pniʃ ] ) is a city in Portugal, also by both the offshore island group of berlengas as suitable for surfing waves of the Atlantic tourist importance. It is Portugal's second-largest trading center for sardines.

  • 3.1 The circle
  • 3.2 Demographics
  • 3.3 Local holiday


Originally Peniche was an island near the coast. Finds indicate a prehistoric settlement since the Neanderthals, in particular in the Gruta da Furninha. The humans lived in caves, and in particular from fishing. Sailors from the Ancient Greece and Phoenicians later settled here. The current village name probably evolved from the ancient Greek place names Phenix, a place in Crete, to which the local conditions which evoked.

The Romans intensified fishing and presented here amphorae ago for preservation of fish. On the rocks of berlengas Islands also a variety of Roman shipwrecks have been found which are evidence of a commercial development. The most important place in the Middle Ages was, in particular by the lucrative whaling (Portuguese Baleia, dt: Wal ), Atouguia da Baleia, was part of its Administrative District Peniche. From the 15th century, a natural land bridge between Peniche and the mainland began to form. The town began to grow now at an upper ( Peniche -de- Cima ) and a lower core ( Peniche de Baixo ), especially by the simpler transport routes. 1609 Peniche was raised to the small town ( Vila ) and the seat of its own circle.

From fishing and shipbuilding, the viticulture and the cultivation of cereals further economic priorities in the district were, and caused a further growth of Peniche. Luís de Ataíde, Count of Atougia and 1568-1581 Portuguese governor of India, Peniche could attach extensive. The construction of other, reinforced fortifications designed to protect against pirate attacks, was only deemed necessary after 1589 British forces were landed here. They came pretender António of Crato for help, at which ultimately unsuccessful efforts to restore the independence of Portugal after the personal union with Spain to reach ( since 1580 ).

In the course of administrative reform by the Liberal Revolution in 1822 and the following Miguelistenkrieg the circle Atouguia da Baleia dissolved in 1836 and affiliated to Peniche.

On October 27, 1892 British passenger liner Roumania drove in a stormy sea against the rocky coast, sank and pulled 113 people to their deaths.

The continuing technological progress in fisheries and the conservation and processing of the catch took the various associated economic activities in Peniche steadily. On February 1, 1988 Peniche became a town ( Cidade ).



  • The fortress city of Peniche was built in 1557-70, further fortifications were made to 1645 after plans by the already Louis XIII. serving French military engineer Nicolau de Langres. During the Estado Novo ( 1930-74 ) and the Salazar dictatorship were therein held political prisoners. This time will be processed here in museums. Since it was possible the later General Secretary of the Communist Party of Portugal Álvaro Cunhal and other comrades to escape at the famous " Escape from Peniche " on January 3, 1960 she gained a certain reputation. Today is located in a part of the building the Museu Regional.
  • The Baroque and the mother church Igreja de Nossa Senhora da Ajuda is the oldest of the city from the beginning of the 17th century. The sides of the nave were provided with panels of azulejos high artistic quality.
  • The lace is one of the most famous arts and crafts traditions Peniche, and is maintained in a school next to the tourist office.


Peniche is located on a peninsula, marked by a high cliff, which slopes gently toward the sea only in the port area and at the northern end. At the westernmost point of the Cabo Carvoeiro is a lighthouse, where lying in the Indian Ocean island group of berlengas is very visible. A path and steps lead from the coastal road to the cave Gruta da Furninha.

South of the peninsula stretches the vast sandy beach Praia do Medão whose lying right next to the city portion Praia dos Supertubes is one of the most famous surf spots in Portugal. Because of its tubular, long-lasting waves and its sandy subsoil, he is regarded as perhaps the best of Europe as protect the walls of the port against disturbing north wind. But also in the north, where there is a sandy bay stretches over 5 km to baleal, the sport of surfing will be investigated.


The circle

Peniche is the administrative seat of the homonymous district ( concelho ) in the district of Leiria. June 30, 2011 had the circle 27,630 inhabitants in an area of 77.6 km ².

The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting in the north ) and Óbidos Lourinhã. In the West, Peniche is adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean.

The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Peniche, which together form the first three the town of Peniche:

  • Ajuda ( Peniche )
  • Conceição ( Peniche )
  • São Pedro ( Peniche )
  • Atouguia da Baleia
  • Ferrel
  • Serra d' El- Rei


Local holiday

  • Monday after the first Sunday in August

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Jacob Rodrigues Pereira (1715-1780), educator and developer of a teaching method for deaf mutes in France
  • Antônio Ferreira Viçoso (1787-1875), spiritual author, bishop in the Archdiocese of Mariana
  • Félix António de Brito Capelo (1828-1879), biologist and oceanographer, brother of Hernandogildo Capelo
  • Paulino Montez (1897-1988), architect
  • Ricardo Costa ( born 1940 ), film director
  • José Rachão ( b. 1952 ), football coach
  • Beto, actually João Santos Albertino Pereira (1967-2010), pop singers
  • Fernando Silva (born 1972 ), badminton player
  • Telma Santos ( b. 1983 ), badminton player
  • Hélder Cabral ( born 1984 ), football player