Pentecost Island

The Pentecost Island ( in German also Pentecost Island) is an island of the New Hebrides and one of the 83 islands that make up the Pacific island nation of Vanuatu. It is 190 kilometers north of the capital, Port Vila. Pentecost is 490 km ² and has 12,000 permanent inhabitants (as of 1999). This corresponds to a population density of 25 inhabitants per square kilometer (km ²). The Pentecost Island is in French known as Pentecôte on Bislama they say Pentikos.

Pentecost is a very mountainous island. A mountain range stretches for 60 kilometers through the island. The highest mountain is Mount Vulmat with a height of 947 meters.

The largest villages are (from north to south):

  • Laone
  • Loltong
  • Bwatnapne
  • Melsisi
  • Baravet
  • Lonorore
  • Hotwata
  • Panas
  • Wali
  • Pangi
  • Sala
  • 2.1 grain farming
  • 2.2 livestock
  • 3.1 Air Traffic
  • 3.2 waterway


They were named Pentecost by the French navigator Louis Antoine de Bougainville, who discovered the island on his trip around the world at Pentecost (English Pentecost) on May 22 in 1768.

Several missionaries were later sent to Pentecost, to Christianize the population. However, the inhabitants kept their ancient traditions.


The Pentecost Island is famous for its Liane Springer, whose tradition is the origin of bungee jumping.

Sand drawings

In the Polynesian islands of Vanuatu was spoken on almost all islands have a different language. The understanding was formerly on drawings that were painted in the sand, made. These sand drawings were approved in 2003 by UNESCO as Cultural Heritage of Humanity.


Cereal cultivation

There are no right cities on Pentecost. Most residents live in small rural villages and survive by subsistence farming. Are harvested mainly grains and vegetables, cassava, yams, bananas, Kumula ( sweet potato), coconuts, papaya, citrus, sugar cane, cocoa, mango, pineapple, nuts and much more.


Animals are pigs, cattle and chickens, which are essentially devoted to food production.

Public institutions


Pentecost has two airports, one. Lonorore in the southwest and one in the north Sara The landing areas are quite small, it only land four aircraft during the week. Nevertheless, Pentecost has a regular connection to the outside world. Only a few villages are due to lack of mountain roads often months from the outside world isolated.


The shipping industry is quite well developed, in contrast to air traffic. The village Pangi also has a dock for cruise ships which sometimes make a break there.


On the Pentecost Island, there are five languages: Raga ( spoken in the north of Pentecost), Abma or APMA ( spoken in central Pentecost), Sowa ( an almost extinct language that was formerly spoken in the south of Pentecost), Seke ( a language that is spoken only in Baravet ) and Sa ( a south- pentecost language ). The majority of the population speaks also English.