Person Colby Cheney
Person Colby Cheney ( * February 25, 1828 in Holderness, Grafton County, New Hampshire, † June 19, 1901 in Dover, New Hampshire ) was an American politician and from 1875 to 1877 Governor of New Hampshire. Between 1886 and 1887 he represented this state in the U.S. Senate.
Early years and political rise
Person Cheney was born as one of eleven children of the paper manufacturer Moses Cheney. In 1835 the family moved to Peterborough. The young person then attended schools in Peterborough, Hancock and Parsonsfield (Maine). In 1845 he took over the management of the paper mill of his father and in 1853 he was sent to a fusion partner of the company Cheney, Hadley & Going.
From 1853 to 1855 he was a member of the House of Representatives from New Hampshire and was a member of the new Republican Party. During the Civil War he was a lieutenant and quartermaster in an infantry unit from New Hampshire. In August 1863 he had to give up the military service for health reasons. Between 1864 and 1867 he was a railway officer ( Railroad Commissioner) of the Government of New Hampshire. In 1867 he moved to Manchester, where he continued to work in the securities business. Between 1871 and 1873 he was mayor of Manchester. In 1875 he was elected governor of his state. However, the election result was so scarce that the state legislature had to take Cheney's favor the final decision.
Governor of New Hampshire
Cheney took up his new post on June 10, 1875. After a re-election in 1876 he was able to remain in this position until June 6, 1877. During this time, many offices that had gone to members of the Democratic Party under his predecessor James A. Weston were awarded back to Republicans. Governor Cheney reformed the administration, to save money, which was the same time trying to increase the efficiency of the offices. Despite the difficult economic situation at that time he worked on the reduction of public debt. A law that excluded religious minorities from public office was abolished.
U.S. Senator and Ambassador
The nine years after the end of his governorship Cheney spent in Manchester, where he continued to pursue his business interests. After the death of U.S. Senator Austin F. Pike on October 8, 1886, the then Governor Moody Currier Cheney appointed interim successor Pikes as a Class 2 senator. He exercised this mandate from 24 November 1886 to 14 June 1887. On this day the officially elected as Senator William E. Chandler, succeeded him in the U.S. Congress. In 1888, Cheney was then a delegate to the Republican National Convention, when Benjamin Harrison was nominated as presidential candidate. This appointed him as president then the American ambassador in Switzerland, an office which Cheney wielded 1892-1893.
Cheney was then on until 1900, the Republican National Committee. He died in June 1901 and was buried in Manchester. Person Cheney was twice married and had a child.