Pesaro is a seaport in the Marche ( Italian: Marche ) and the capital and administrative seat of the province of Pesaro and Urbino. The city's name is indeed written with no accent, but the emphasis falls - in contrast to the general Italian rule - not on the penultimate, but on the third last syllable.
Pesaro has 94 615 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) on a city area of 126 km ² and is an important tourist center on the Italian Adriatic coast. The village lies on the River Foglia, which flows close to the historic old town in the Adriatic Sea.
In the time of the Roman Empire Etruscan city was Pisaurum (Greek Πισαῦρον Pisauron ). Pisaurum lay on the Via Flaminia and was the birthplace of the poet Lucius Accius. Gaius Julius Caesar had pitched near the city his camp during the Civil War.
In May 1475 a legendary elaborate five-day wedding was held in Pesaro: Costanzo Sforza and Camilla D' Aragona Marzano married.
On September 11, 1860 attracted troops of Piedmont in Pesaro (see Unification of Italy ).
On June 10, 1818 the new Opera House with a performance of the opera La gazza was inaugurated ladra the composer Gioachino Rossini. The Italian State has Rossini's birthplace in Pesaro, which now houses a museum, along with the ABCs of Giacomo Puccini in Lucca and Giuseppe Verdi in Le Roncole awarded the European Heritage Label. In Pesaro find since 1980 every year during the summer festival in honor of Gioachino Rossini's place.
Since 1965, the Pesaro Film Festival ( Mostra Internazionale del Nuovo Cinema) will be held in Pesaro.
- Rovinj in Istria, Croatia, since 1999
- Nanterre in the region Ile- de -France, France, since 1969
- Ljubljana in Slovenia, since 1964
- Watford in the county of Hertfordshire, UK, since 1988
- Qinhuangdao in China
- Rafah in the Gaza Strip, Palestine
- Keita in Niger, since 1987
Sons and daughters of the town
- Lucius Accius ( 170 BC- 90 BC. ), Roman tragic poet
- Massimo Ambrosini ( born 1977 ), football player
- Simone Cantarini (1612-1648), painter
- Federico Canuti ( born 1985 ), cyclist
- Antonio Cecchi (1849-1896), discoverer
- Arnaldo Forlani ( born 1925 ), politician
- Massimo Giunti ( b. 1974 ), cyclist
- Filippo Magnini (* 1982 ), swimmer
- Gianni Morbidelli (* 1968), race car driver
- Riz Ortolani (1926-2014), film composer
- Maria Luisa Righini Bonelli - (1917-1981), historian of science, Professor and Director of the Museum
- Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868), composer
- Dorino Serafini (1909-2000), Formula 1 racing driver
- Renata Tebaldi (1922-2004), soprano
- Ludovico Zacconi (1555-1627), composer and music theorist
Pesaro is home to basketball's Victoria Libertas, who won the Italian Cup and the Cup twice each. Play their home games, the club, which again plays in Serie A since 2007, from the Adriatic Arena. Robur Sports Pesaro is now one of the best clubs in the country in women's volleyball and could be 2008, 2009 and 2010 secured the Italian championship. Due to the same main sponsor both clubs under the name Scavolini Pesaro are known. Pesaro was also the venue for the Boßel Championship 2012.
The parish church of Castel di Mezzo, a wooden crucifix of the sculptor Antonio Bonvicino depends. From the area around Pesaro comes the famous cheese Casciotta d' Urbino.