Peter Hirsch

Sir Peter Bernhard Hirsch ( born January 16, 1925 in Berlin ) is a British physicist and materials scientist ( metallurgist ).

Hirsch emigrated from Germany as a Jew, went to Chelsea to school and studied metallurgy at the University of Cambridge, where he took his bachelor's degree in 1946 and received his doctorate in 1949 at Lawrence Bragg. After that, he was a lecturer at Cambridge and from 1966 professor at Oxford University ( Isaac Wolfson Chair of Metallurgy ). He is a Fellow of St. Edmund Hall, Oxford. In 1992 he retired, but remained active as a scientist.

Hirsch is known for his study of crystal defects and the role of dislocations in plasticity. He is one of the pioneers of the use of transmission electron microscopy in metallurgy.

Hirsch in 1983 was awarded the Von Hippel Award and the Wolf Prize in Physics 1983/4. He is a member of the Royal Society, the Hughes Medal in 1973 he and their Royal Medal he was awarded in 1977 since 1963. In 1975 he was knighted. He is a foreign member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering ( since 2001) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2005 he received from the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Lomonosov Gold Medal.


  • With Howie, Whelan, Pashley, Nicholson: Electron Microscopy of Thin Crystals, Butterworths / Krieger 1965, 1977
  • Topics in Electron Diffraction and Microscopy of Materials, IOP Publishers, 1999
  • David PG Lidbury: Methods for the Assessment of Structural Integrity of Components and Structures, 2003