Peter Winter

Peter Winter ( baptized August 28, 1754 in Mannheim, † October 17, 1825 in Munich) was a German composer, singing teacher and conductor.


Peter von Winter was the son of a brigadier at the Elector 's court in Mannheim. At the age of ten years he played in the Mannheim court orchestra as a violinist, and in 1773 testified as a contra bass player, and from 1776 he was firmly committed as a violinist with the title " court musician ". At the same time, he became head of the private troupe of singers Theobald Marchand, the aufführte German Singspiel. In Mannheim winter was like Franz Danzi (and later Carl Maria von Weber and Giacomo Meyerbeer ) student of Abbe Vogler. As the Mannheim court orchestra of the Elector Karl Theodor in 1778 followed in his new residence in Munich, moved also winter there ( like Danzi, Cannabich etc.). In the same year he married the daughter Marianne Schneider Grosser. From Munich he made numerous concert tours. With an electoral scholarship he was 1780/81 to go along with his orchestra colleagues Franz exchange to Vienna to study with Antonio Salieri. In 1787 he was in Munich vice - 1798 Hofkapellmeister for vocal music. In 1811 he founded the Musical Academy, which still lives on today in the Academy concerts with the Bavarian State Orchestra. Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart emphasizes symphonies and their treatment of minor episodes in his " ideas on the aesthetics of musical art " winter.

His main work is the 1796, first performed in Vienna Singspiel The interrupted Feast of Sacrifice, which was extremely successful throughout Europe until the mid 19th century; it was probably the last time in 1917, on the occasion of an opera festival in Leipzig shown. The popularity of the work is also reflected in the composition of seven variations on a child, do you want to read quietly sleep through Beethoven ( WoO 75). As Goethe tried winter with the "big heroic- comic opera " The Labyrinth or the struggle with the elements (1798 ) on a text by Schikaneder on a sequel of Mozart's Magic Flute. Also one of the settings of Goethe's Singspiel joke, cunning and revenge comes from winter. In the course of extensive travels made ​​winter his stage work in Europe before. But Besides his numerous stage works he created compositions in the areas of chamber and orchestral music, including some three-movement symphonies and solo concertos always. In 1808 he became a member of the Conservatoire in Paris, in 1815 the Royal Academy of Music in Sweden. To celebrate fifty years as a court musician, he was awarded on 23 March 1814 by King Maximilian Joseph of Bavaria with the Order of Merit of the Bavarian Crown and thereby raised to the personal nobility. As a music educator, the nunmehrige Peter acquired from winter merits by the publication of his "Complete (s) Singing School " in 1825. After his death, he devoted the General Musical newspaper in Leipzig a long, comprehensive fourteen pages article that his then -assessment as a the most important German composers of the time put it. Winters grave is located on the Old South Cemetery in Munich.


Symphonic Music

  • Symphonies: No.1 in D major; No. 2 in F major; No. 3 in B flat major ( appeared in print in 1795 ); Sinfonia in D major " Schwerin " (undated )
  • Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra in E flat major (before 1793)
  • Concerto for Oboe and Orchestra in F major (1811 )
  • Six Entr'actes (1807-1811)


All premiered in Munich

  • Pyramus and Tisbe (1779 )
  • La mort d' Hector (1779 )
  • The love of Henry IV and the Gabriele or The Siege of Paris ( 1779)
  • The French Lustgarten (1779 )
  • Baierische merrymaking or The Marriage by chance (1779 )
  • Ines de Castro ( 1780)
  • Vologesus ( Il trionfo della verità ) ( 1786)
  • La mort d' Orphée et Euridice d' (1792 )

Religious vocal music

  • Missa brevis
  • Missa solemnis
  • Missa (1799 )
  • Pastoral Mass (1805 )
  • Requiem for Giuseppe II for 4 voices and orchestra (1790)
  • Missa di Requiem per 4 voci e orchestra
  • Diversi salmi per voci soliste, coro e orchestra
  • 2 Te Deum
  • Stabat Mater
  • Numerous fairs


  • Cora and Alonzo ( melodrama, libretto by JM from Babo, 1778, Munich)
  • Lenardo and Blandine ( melodrama, libretto by JF from Goz, by Gottfried August Bürger, 1779, Munich)
  • Reinhold and Armida ( melodrama, libretto by JM from Babo, based on la Gerusalemme Liberata by Torquato Tasso, 1780, Munich)
  • Helen and Paris ( serious Singspiel libretto by KJ Förg, by Ranieri de ' Calzabigi, 1782, Munich)
  • The shepherd girl ( Singspiel libretto by H. Brown, 1784, Munich)
  • The Beggar Student, or The Donner Weather ( Singspiel libretto by Paul Weidmann, to La Cueva de Salamanca by Miguel de Cervantes, 1785, Munich)
  • Bellerophon ( serious Singspiel libretto by Johann Friedrich Binder by Krieglstein, 1785, Munich)
  • Circe ( Opera seria libretto by D. Perelli ), not listed
  • Medea and Jason ( melodrama, libretto by AC from Törring -Seefeld, 1789, Munich)
  • Psyche ( heroic Singspiel libretto by Carl Friedrich Müchler, 1790, Munich)
  • Jery ​​and Bäteli ( Singspiel libretto by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1790, Munich)
  • The Linde hard, or The Feast of Friendship ( operetta ), not listed
  • Scherz, List und Rache ( Scapin and Scapine ) ( Singspiel libretto by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, 1790, Munich)
  • Catone in Utica ( dramma per musica libretto by Pietro Metastasio, 1791, Venice)
  • Antigona ( opera seria libretto by Marco Coltellini, 1791, Naples)
  • Il sacrifizio di Creta, ossia Arianna e Teseo ( dramma per musica libretto by Pietro Pariati, 1792, Venice)
  • I fratelli rivali ( dramma giocoso, libretto by M. Botturini, 1793, Venice)
  • Belisa, ossia la fedeltà riconosciuta ( Dramma tragicomico, libretto by A. Pepoli, 1794, Venice)
  • The Thomas Eight ( Komische Oper, 1795 Bayreuth)
  • Ogus, ossia Il trionfo del bel sesso ( Il tartaro convinto in amore ) ( dramma giocoso, libretto by Giovanni Bertati, 1795, Prague ) - reissue Neuburger Chamber Opera 2007
  • I due Vedovi ( libretto by Giovanni De Gamerra, 1796, Vienna)
  • The interrupted Feast of Sacrifice ( Il sacrifizio Interrotto, Le sacrifice interromptu, The Oracle, or The Interrupted Sacrifice ) (Heroic - comic opera, libretto by Franz Xaver Huber, 1796, Vienna)
  • Babylon pyramids (Heroic - comic opera, libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder, 1797, Vienna)
  • Pigmalione ( Dramma semiserio, 1797, Munich)
  • The Labyrinth or The Struggle with the elements ( The Magic Flute second part ) (Heroic - comic opera, libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder, 1798, Vienna) - reissue Cuvilliés Theatre Munich 1978 ( Ed. ), Chemnitz Opera House 2002 ( Edit ) and Salzburg Festival 2012 ( boiled )
  • The Storm (Grand opera, libretto by FX Kaspar, according to The Tempest by William Shakespeare, 1798, Munich)
  • Marie von Montalban ( serious Singspiel libretto by Karl Reger, by Johann Nepomuk Komarek, 1800, Munich)
  • Tamerlane ( libretto di E. Morel de Chédeville, based on L' orphelin de la Chine by Voltaire, 1802, Paris)
  • La Grotta di Calipso ( opera seria libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte, 1803, London)
  • Il trionfo dell'amor fraterno ( opera seria libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte, 1804, London)
  • Il ratto di Proserpina ( opera seria libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte, 1804, London)
  • Zaira ( libretto by Lorenzo da Ponte, according to Voltaire, 1805, London)
  • The Women's Federation ( comic opera, libretto by JM from Babo, 1805, Munich)
  • The two blind men ( Singspiel libretto by Franz Ignaz von Holbein, 1810, Munich)
  • Solomon's judgment (1808, Munich)
  • Colmal (Heroic opera, libretto by Matthew Collin, after Ossian, 1809, Munich)
  • The slippers ( Singspiel libretto by JF Schink, 1811, Hamburg)
  • Maometto ( Tragedia, libretto by Felice Romani, after Voltaire, 1817, Milan Teatro alla Scala) - reissue ( CD release ) at Rossini in Wildbad 2002
  • I due Valdomiri ( opera seria libretto by Felice Romani, 1817, Milan)
  • Etelinda ( Opera semiseria, libretto by Giuseppe Rossi, 1818, Milan)
  • The singer and the tailor ( Singspiel libretto by Friedrich von Drieberg, 1820, Munich)

Concert aria

  • Aria for soprano, solo clarinet and strings " Torni al tuo sen la calma " (1788 )


  • Dedicated to singing school full singing school in 4 divisions with Teutonic, Italian and French Preliminary remarks and explanations Sr. Ma Maximilian Joseph King of Bavaria in deepest reverence, Mainz 1825