Peterborough [pi ː təbɹə ] is a city with 184,500 inhabitants in Cambridgeshire in the East of England. Together with the surrounding places it forms the local authority City of Peterborough. The Peterborough Cathedral is one of the most important cathedrals of the Middle Ages in Britain.
The city was originally part of Northamptonshire and was especially created in the region of the Soke of Peterborough. The settlements spread out because of industrial growth to Cambridgeshire and Huntingdonshire. In 1889 Soke to an administrative county, but after a short time was considered too small to take on administrative tasks properly. Thus it was first merged with Huntingdonshire in 1965, making the county Huntingdon and Peterborough was created. In 1974, she was, together with the surrounding districts of the City of Peterborough and was part of Cambridgeshire. In 1998, the City of Peterborough to an administratively independent of Cambrigdeshire county ( Unitary Authority).
The city was in AD 43 by the Romans, who built a camp here, establishing as Durobrivae.
Peterborough (formerly Pittsburgh, Burgus sancti Petri ) can be demonstrated already under its former Saxon name Medehamstede before 655, when the monk Saxulf a monastery built on the land that had given him Penda, king of Mercia. The name first appears Burgh 992-1005 after Abbot Kenulf a wall was built around the monastery. As a proper settlement, the city is not perceived before the 12th century. The citizens received their municipal rights of " Abbot Robert", which is probably identical with Robert Sutton.
The dean and the cathedral chapter, who succeeded the abbot as Lord over the country, appointed a bailiff, the bailiff and other officers were appointed by election, 1874 the administration was placed entirely under the leadership of a mayor, six elders, and 18 councilors. A prison was built in the 13th century under the responsibility of the monastery masters. 1576 was sold to Queen Elizabeth I of Bishop Scamble dominion over Nassaburgh. This gave the country continues to Lord Burghley. This founded the dynasty of the Marquesses of Exeter.
The art of weaving and flax mill were detected in Peterborough since the 14th century. Four markets were held annually. Of these, taking place today, two in July and in October.
In the 19th century, established himself on the dirt floor south of the city a thriving construction industry. The local brickyards produced mainly for the booming metropolis of London. The bricks were transported from the Great Northern Railway freight trains from specially constructed flat cars to London - for the Great Northern Railway a lucrative business and one of the reasons for the early ( and still current ) central connection of the city and its vicinity to the railway network.
As a New Town since 1968, the population of Peterborough was originally to be doubled. However, from 1971 to 1991, the population grew by only 45.4 %. Peterborough is conveniently connected to the British transport network. There are good infrastructural facilities both by road as well as by connecting with express trains to the city of London as well as Birmingham and the overland connection with Yorkshire and the north of England and Scotland.
The city's population is 159,700 inhabitants (as of 2005), while the catchment area of the Greater Peterborough includes about 500,000 people.
In the cathedral of Peterborough is the first wife of King Henry VIII, Catherine of Aragon, buried. Twinning consist of Alcalá de Henares (Spain ), the city, was born in Catherine. More partnerships with Bourges in France, Forlì in Italy, Viersen in Germany and Vinnytsia in Ukraine.
- Burghley House
- Peterborough Cathedral
- Long Thorpe Tower
- Flag Fen Open Air Museum
- Peakirk Waterfowl Gardens Trust
- Nene Valley Railway
- Queensgate Shopping Centre
- Guildhall in 1671
- Peterborough is home to a transmitter for FM and TV. The 163 -meter-high radio mast of this system collapsed after a fire on 30 October 2004.
The Speedway team, the Peterborough Panthers start in the British Senior Elite League.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Blanche of England (* spring 1392 Peterborough Castle, † May 22, 1409, Haguenau, Alsace ), Princess
- Don Lusher ( born November 6, 1923 Peterborough; † 5 July 2006), musician
- Adrian Lyne ( born March 4, 1941), Film Director
- Colin Hodgkinson ( born October 14, 1945), musician
- Andy Bell ( b. 1964 ), musician and lead singer of the band Erasure
- Matthew Oakley ( born 1977 ), football player
- Andrew Britton (1981-2008), novelist
- David Bentley ( born 1984 ), football player