Phatthalung ( Thai: พัทลุง ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the southern region of Thailand. The provincial capital is also called Phatthalung.
- 3.1 Data
- 3.2 Land Use
- 4.1 airport
- 6.1 National Parks
The province is located about 840 kilometers south of Bangkok on the Malay Peninsula.
In the east, the province borders on the flat Thale Sap, while the land to the west is mountainous and is down to a plateau. Here, in the region bordering the neighboring province of Trang, is the well-known National Park Khao Pu - Khao Ya.
The climate is tropical and monsunal. The maximum temperature in 2008 was 36.4 ° C, the lowest temperature was measured at 22.5 ° C. At 152 days of rain fell in the same year 2168.8 mm of precipitation.
Approximately 88 % of the population is Buddhist, but there is a larger Muslim minority ( about 11 %).
Economic importance and
The main source of income is agriculture, especially rice. In addition, Phatthalung is a place where the Nang Talung be produced figures that are used in shadow plays.
The minimum wage in the province is 173 baht per day ( about 4 € ).
For the province, the following land use is documented:
- Forest area: 403 986 rai ( 252.5 km ²), 18.9 % of the total
- The utilized agricultural area: 1,312,312 Rai ( 820.2 km ²), 61.3 % of the total
- Not classified area: 423 998 rai ( 265.0 km ²), 19.8 % of the total
Phatthalung itself has no airport, but can be reached via the neighboring provinces by plane:
- Hat Yai ( HDY )
- Nakhon Si Thammarat ( NST),
- Trang ( TST)
In the 8th and 9th centuries Already during the Srivijaya Empire, the area was strongly influenced by Indian culture. Mahayana Buddhism received access to the Malay Peninsula on Phatthalung.
In the kingdom of Ayutthaya, the city Phatthalung became one of twelve residences of King Ramathibodi I ( U Thong). After the end of Ayutthaya and a brief period of relative independence and instability King Phra Phutthayotfa Chulaloke ( Rama I ) ordered the administration of Siam, and let the new province - and indeed the entire south of Siam - Manage by the Department of Defense.
The major administrative reform of King Chulalongkorn ( Rama V ) Phatthalung made a part of the larger administrative unit Monthon Nakhon Si Thammarat. After the abolition of Monthons in 1933, Phatthalung became again an independent province ( Changwat ).
- Phon Lak Phra Festival - processions between the various temples of the province, which are held every year at the end of the Loi Krathong festival in October / November. The processions accompanied drummers who try to beat a "good rhythm ". resulting in regular competitions between the people of the various temples.
- Kao Khram Falls - about 30 km west of the provincial capital with a cascading waterfall of steep cliffs, falling in a lake.
- Malays cave - a vast cave with many rooms and very nice white stalagmites and stalactites
- Prathat Bang Kaeo at Ta Thien Temple Buddhist temple from the time of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya; Amphoe Bang Kaeo
- National Park Khao Pu - Khao Ya - extends across the three provinces of Phatthalung, Nakhon Si Thammarat and Trang
- Thale Noi - protected area for water birds in Amphoe Khuan Khanun, with a very large lagoon to the hundreds of species of waterfowl can be observed.
Coat of arms
The coat of arms of the province of Phatthalung shows the 250 meter high hill Ok Thalu, which dominates the town of Phatthalung.
The local tree is Shorea ( Shorea roxburghii ).
The motto of the province of Phatthalung is:
The Province Phatthalung is in 11 districts ( Amphoe - administrative districts ) divided, which in turn are divided into 65 subdistricts (tambon ) and further into 626 village communities ( Muban ).
In the province there is a city ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Phatthalung ( เทศบาล เมือง พัทลุง ). In addition, there are 15 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).