Philip Carteret

Philip Carteret, also Philip Carteret; actually Philip de Carteret, Seigneur of Trinity ( born January 22, 1733 in Trinity Manor, Jersey, † July 21, 1796 in Southampton ) was a British navigator and explorer. He came from a noble family on the island of Jersey.


Philip Carteret traveled 1764-1766 under John Byron for the first time to the world and lapped under Samuel Wallis 1766-1769 a second time the earth.

Wallis began his voyage on the HMS Dolphin, the sloop HMS Swallow the accompaniment was given, which was commanded by Carteret. The journey began on August 22 in 1766. On 17 December, the ships reached the Strait of Magellan at the southern tip of South America, where they were detained until April 11, 1767. Upon leaving the road the ships were separated forever. The Dolphin headed to the northwest, the Swallow sailed to Pitcairn Island, the Carteret for Europe discovered and named after a midshipman of the Swallow. On the following days we sighted three other previously unknown islands in the Tuamotu Archipelago: the Mururoa Atoll, Nukutepipi and Anuanuraro.

After a long journey with many hardships they reached the Santa Cruz Islands, called the Carteret Queen Charlotte Islands. From here, he headed further to the northwest and discovered on August 29, 1767 the St. George's Channel in today's Bismarck Archipelago, New Britain and New Ireland the separates. Carteret recognized the land masses for the first time as two separate islands and gave the name of New Ireland " Nova Hibernia " ( after William Dampier had already in 1700 the Western country given the name " Nova Britannia "). The HMS Swallow anchored in a bay at the southern tip of New Ireland and Carteret took here in the later recorded " Carterethafen " ( Carteret 's Harbour ), on behalf of the King of England from land ownership. On his further journey he discovered the island of New Hanover and the Admiralty Islands.

Now he steered through the Moluccas through, mapped the entire west coast of Celebes ( Sulawesi ) and arrived on December 15, 1767 by Macassar (now Makassar ). On 3 June 1768, he went on to Batavia and finally met again on March 20, 1769 at Spithead in England.

The journey with the Swallow had been troublesome. The Admiralty had sent with a limited sea-going ship Carteret. The Swallow licked, and the necessary repair equipment was not on board. That Carteret brought his ship home, was a feat of seamanship. On February 20, 1769 was on his way home to an unusual encounter in the Atlantic. The French frigate " La Boudeuse " came alongside and sent an officer, who seemed to have appeared to an exact knowledge of the journey, the Swallow. Later Carteret learned that the " Boudeuse " was followed almost the same route under Captain Louis Antoine de Bougainville. The " Boudeuse " was a fast ship, bringing the months before finally launched Swallow one in the Atlantic.

Carteret's merits were not given due recognition at the Admiralty. Although he was promoted to captain, he had to wait years for a new command. From a command of other ships is not much known. In 1779 he transferred the HMS Endymion after many difficulties to the West Indies. His report is in Hawkesworth 's book: published "An Account of the Voyages under taken by Order of His Present Majesty ... " from 1773. A year later, a translation appeared in German language.

Philip Carteret retired in 1794 with the rank of rear admiral from active duty back. He died on 21 July 1796 in Southampton at the age of 63 years and was buried there in the All Saints ' Church.