Philosophical Magazine

The Philosophical Magazine is the oldest commercial scientific journal in the world. Founded by Alexander Tilloch (1759-1825), she first appeared in June 1798 in London. Since 1852 it is published by Verlag Taylor & Francis. Among the authors are Michael Faraday, James Prescott Joule, James Clerk Maxwell, Joseph John Thomson, Baron Rayleigh and Ernest Rutherford.


Founded by Alexander Tilloch magazine was originally entitled The Philosophical magazine: comprehending the various branches of science, the liberal and fine arts, agriculture, manufactures, and commerce. As of July 1822, published in Volume 60 Tilloch was assisted in the publication of the magazine by Richard Taylor ( 1781-1858 ), who after Tillochs death until the end of 1826 first sole publisher. Beginning in 1827 the Philosophical Magazine and Annals of Philosophy joined together. Richard Phillips (1788-1851) was co-editor and the magazine was under the revised title The Philosophical magazine, or annals of chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, natural history and general science driven, which was maintained until June 1832. Mid- 1832 it finally came to the union with the Edinburgh Journal of Science, which was until then edited by David Brewster. Brewster was co-editor of his third series under the title The London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science operating under the name Philosophical Magazine. 1840 Robert Kane, founder of the Dublin Journal of Medical Science, fourth editor and led the magazine from then on the title The London, Edinburgh and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science, which was maintained for long periods. Since 1949, the magazine called again just Philosophical Magazine. In 1978, the magazine into two parts, Philosophical Magazine Philosophical Magazine A and B, divided. 2003, the two parts were reunited.

About the editors were John Tyndall, Thomson, Nevill F. Mott and William Lawrence Bragg. Currently published by the University of Cambridge, the Philosophical Magazine of Lindsay Greer.


At the time of establishment covered the Philosophical Magazine from the entire spectrum of science. The first issue dealt among other things with a special type of steam engine, Methods for chemical analysis of wine and with the reaction of hydrogen and oxygen to form water. In the second half of the 19th century, James Clerk Maxwell published the Maxwell equations. 1887 wrote Albert Michelson and Edward Morley about the Michelson - Morley experiment in 1897 and the article appeared Cathode Rays by Joseph John Thomson, who documented the discovery of the electron. Beginning of the 20th century, Ernest Rutherford suggested in the Philosophical Magazine, the experiments of Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden ago. Published in 1913 Niels Bohr Bohr's atomic model. Rutherford later written article Collision of α Particles with Light Atoms first documented the conversion of a chemical element into another by a nuclear reaction.

The Philosophical Magazine is published 36 times a year. It is supplemented by twelve annual issues of the Philosophical Magazine Letters. In this published since 1987 supplement short article to be published in Solid State Physics preferred.