Phineas Miner (born 27 December 1777 in Winchester, Connecticut; † September 15, 1839 in Litchfield, Connecticut ) was an American politician. Between 1834 and 1835 he represented the state of Connecticut in the U.S. House of Representatives.
Phineas Miner attended the schools of his home. After a subsequent study of law and its made in 1797 admitted to the bar he began in his birthplace of Winchester to work in his new profession. He was also Justice of the Peace in 1809. Between 1809 and 1816 he was several times as a delegate in the House of Representatives from Connecticut. In 1816 he moved to Litchfield. In the years 1823, 1827 and 1829, he was again a member of the State Parliament; 1830 to 1831 he was a member of the Senate of Connecticut. Miner was an opponent of Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. Therefore, he joined the short-lived National Republican Party.
Following the resignation of Congressman Jabez W. Huntington Miner was at made necessary by-election as his successor in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC selected. There he finished between 1 December 1834, 3 March 1835 begun by his predecessor legislature of Congress. After the end of his time in the U.S. House of Representatives Phineas Miner again worked as a lawyer. In 1835 he was again elected to the House of Representatives from Connecticut, 1838, he was judge of the Probate Court in Litchfield. He died in September 1839 in this city.