Phitsanulok ( Thai: พิษณุโลก, Vishnu earth; originally Bisnuloka; formerly song Khwae, Two Rivers ) is a major city in the Thai province of Phitsanulok. It is the capital of the district Mueang Phitsanulok Province Phitsanulok.
The city of Phitsanulok has 72 601 inhabitants ( 2012).
Phitsanulok is located about 380 kilometers north of Bangkok, about half way to Chiang Mai, located on Maenam (river) Nan, which flows through the west of the province from north to south.
The city is an important transportation hub.
- Thailand Route 11: North-South Connection
- Thailand Route 12: West-East connection
- Thailand Route 117: after Nakhon Sawan
- Phitsanulok train station (Northern Line )
- Phitsanulok Airport ( IATA: PHS).
Ship traffic hardly matters, because the river Nan hampered by the Naresuan Dam water transport.
While the 11th century was in the area of the present town of Phitsanulok a small north swimming outpost after Maenam Nan ( Nan River ) and Maenam Kwai River ( Little River Khwae ) "Song Khwae " called ( Two Rivers ).
At the time of the Kingdom of Sukhothai Phitsanulok already formed a larger settlement, which lay to the east of the empire at that time. She was surrounded by a rectangular wall, whose remains can be seen today in some places yet. Centrally located on the east-west axis of the rectangle was Wat Chedi Yod Thong, first, the main temple of the city. When he was just founded is uncertain. (: พระยา ลือ ไทย: Thai Maha Thammaradscha I. ) However, King Thai Lue, has given an inscription that he has restored the temple in the 1360s. 1357 was the present main temple of the region, the Wat Phra Sri Rattana Mahathat or Wat Yai. In 14.und15. Century the old temple of Wat Aranyik were built and expanded.
Phitsanulok has then temporarily played a significant role in the history of Thailand: 1448-1488 Phitsanulok was the capital of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya. Under King Borommatrailokanat the temple Wat Nang Phaya Wat Ratchaburana and developed. Once the residence of the kingdom was moved back again to Ayutthaya, Phitsanulok played the role of a training facility for the military in the wars against the Burmese. KönigNaresuan (reigned 1588-1605 ), after whom the largest university in the city is named, was born here in 1555.
1756 King ordered Borommakot further decoration of Wat Yai with pearl work on the main gate. In the 19th century King Mongkut left the Wat Ratchaburana generous repair and expand.
1957 large parts of the old Phitsanulok were destroyed by fire. Therefore, some residents still live today on houseboats in the Nan River. Fortunately, the highly revered temple of Wat Yai could be saved. On 28 November 1961, the Naresuan Shrine was handed over to the site of the birthplace of the king, the Chandra Palace to the public. The palace itself has been constructed since the summer of 2008, from the foundations to new. Near the old airport Phitsanulok opened on 25 January 1967, the College of Education ( College of Education), at the time a person responsible for the north branch derSrinakharinwirot University, Bangkok. Between 1976 and 1985, the Naresuan Dam of Nan was created as part of the irrigation project Phitsanulok to secure the year-round irrigation of agricultural land in the province and to protect the city from flooding.
- Wat Phra Si Rattana Mahathat ( Wat Yai " Great Temple " ) - Buddhist temple ( Wat ) with a 36 m high, above gilded prang in Khmer style. The viharn with its triple- tiered roof has large entrance doors with mother of pearl inlays from the 18th century. There Phra Puttha Tschinnarat, a buddha statue located in Sukhothai style, which is revered by Buddhists all over the country high. This statue was modeled on the eponymous statue in Wat Benchamabophit, Bangkok.
- Wat Ratchaburana - one of the oldest temples in Phitsanulok, close to Wat Yai
- Folklore Museum - Views from the past, objects of everyday life and a complex with several beautiful Thai houses; The museum is privately held ( English explanations ).
- Chulamani Wat - temple complex south of Phitsanulok, the king Borommatrailokanat (15th century) was buried.
- Naresuan Shrine - on the floor of the destroyed Chandra Palace, which is currently being excavated and restored
- Wat Chedi Yod Thong and Wat Aranyik - Buddhist temples from the Sukhothai period ( 13th-15th century. )
- Statue of King Naresuan on the campus of Naresuan University - the statue was designed by the Fine Arts Departmentund is performed in about twice life size (2.80 m high); it weighs about 2000 kg. It shows the king in combat clothing, as he pours on the throne sitting water from a golden vessel; this symbolizes the newfound independence of the kingdom Ayutthaya. The King's face was modeled after the original model of Professor Silpa Bhirasri. The statue was unveiled in the presence of HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn on 31 August 1993.
- The station building in Phitsanulok, which is based on central and southern German half-timbered buildings, was designed and built 1906-1912 by the German architect Karl Döring.
- Valley of the River Wang Thong ( also Khaek ) with its waterfalls (see Phitsanulok ( province ) )
Wat Yai, in the background the administration building of the Province
Lak Mueang Phitsanulok
Wat Chedi Yod Thong
House fronts downtown
- The end of September / beginning of October every year on the Nan River longboat races take place.
In October 2009, an office of the Thai immigration police has been opened in Phitsanulok, which can issue for foreign residents and tourists visas.
The waste management of the city administration is known in Thailand and even beyond its borders. This began in 1999, including with German help, the first project to separate garbage collection. The project was implemented with the help of GTZ. They sat on private companies that collect, separate and recycle the waste. An example is the Wongphanit chain, which alone in Phitsanulok has more than 20 stores, where people can sell their waste. Furthermore, let the Administrative build a mechanical- biological waste treatment plant. From 1st to November 4, 2009, therefore, an international conference of ESEANET for dealing with climate change in health and education took place in Phitsanulok with support derKonrad Adenauer Foundation.