Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province

Ayutthaya (full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Thai พระนครศรีอยุธยา, [ p ʰ ráʔ náʔk ʰ ɔ̄ ː n sǐ ː ʰ aja ʔājútt ː ] ) is a province ( Changwat ) in the central region of Thailand. The provincial capital of Ayutthaya is located in the center of the province, about 70 kilometers north of the present capital Bangkok.

The name Ayutthaya derives from the Ayodhya city of the Ramakien epic.


Ayutthaya is situated in the fertile plain of the Chao Phraya River ( Chao Phraya River ). Together with the two other rivers Lopburi and Pasak he makes the province the main growing area for rice.


Ayutthaya was about the middle of the 14th century, the capital of Siam until it was razed in 1767 by the Burmese army. This period of Thai history is called the Ayutthaya period.

See main article: History of Thailand.


The minimum wage in the province of Ayutthaya is 265 baht ( about 5.50 €, date April 1, 2012 ).


For the province, the following land use is documented:

  • Forest area: -
  • The utilized agricultural area: 1,112,353 Rai ( 1779.76 km ²), 69.6 % of the total
  • Not classified area: 485 547 Rai ( 776.87 km ²), 30.4 % of the total

The average income per household in 2008 was 21,678 baht, which was higher by about half than in 2004.

Coat of arms

According to legend, King U Thong should once have a beautiful, snow-white conch shell found. He chose the location of the founding place of his future capital. He then laid the conch on a pedestal and built a pavilion around him. The coat of arms shows this gazebo with the local tree behind it.

The local provincial flower of Sesbania aculeata is, the local tree the Küstenkordie ( Cordia dichotoma).

The motto of the province is ราชธานี เก่า อู่ ข้าว อู่น้ำ เลิศ ล้ำ กานท์ กวี คน ดี ศรีอยุธยา, which can be loosely translated as


The ruins of the Ayutthaya Historical Park today belong to the list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

In this province lies the royal Summer Palace of Bang Pa In.

Administrative units

The province is divided into 16 districts ( Amphoe ), 209 communes ( tambon) and 1328 villages ( Muban ).

In the province there is a large city ( เทศบาล นคร - thesaban Nakhon ): Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya ( เทศบาล นคร พระนครศรีอยุธยา ) and four cities ( เทศบาล เมือง - thesaban Mueang ): Lam Ta Sao ( เทศบาล เมือง ลำ ตา เสา ) and Pak Hai ( เทศบาล เมือง ผักไห่ ) Ayotthaya ( เทศบาล เมือง อ โยธ ยา ) and Sena ( เทศบาล เมือง เสนา ).

In addition, there are 29 small towns ( เทศบาล ตำบล - thesaban tambon).

Pictures of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province