The Piaristen are members of the Catholic men's religious order Ordo Clericorum Regularium Pauperum Matris Dei Scholarum Piarum ( Order code: SP). Your mainly belong to priests who work in education and in the teaching profession.
The Piaristen ( Christian Brothers ) go on a foundation of the Spaniard José de Calasanz (* 1557, † 1648 in Rome) back. 1597 Calasanz established in the monastery of the church of Santa Dorotea belonging spaces in the Roman slums Trastevere the first free school for the common people. On March 6, 1617 a new congregation in the church was launched by the Breve ad ea quae by Pope Paul V. It was the Pauline Congregation of the arms of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools (Latin Pauperum Matris Dei Scholarum Piarum ).
After the death of Pope Paul V. José Calasanz found in Michelangelo Cardinal Tonti an ally for a religious foundation. On November 28, 1621, Pope Gregory XV. the Pauline Congregation of the Order by the bull In Supremo Apostolatus. The Constitution was a little later, on 31 January 1622, approved.
The Order has been active since 1689, primarily in Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and Poland. In the 18th century, the Order maintained 24 schools in Austria and was the leading school system in the medium education; particularly recognized were his literary medal games.
After 1869, the Imperial Primary Education Act was enacted, it was from 1870 to the secularization of many Piaristenschulen. Today, there are Austrian offices in Vienna ( Provincial ) and Horn.
- Josep Maria Balcells (1985 - July 8, 2003)
- Jesús María Lecea Sáinz (2003-2009)
- Pedro Aguado (since 2009)