The Province Pichincha is a province in Ecuador. It has about 2.6 million inhabitants (2003 ), of which about 75 % live in the capital Quito. The Pichincha province is named after the volcano Pichincha and is located in the Ecuadorian Andes and Sierra mentioned, but stretches to the west and east to the foothills of the Andes down.
The Pichincha province is bordered on the north by the provinces of Imbabura and Esmeraldas, on the east by the provinces of Sucumbios and Napo - Amazon, on the south by the provinces of Cotopaxi and Los Ríos and to the west of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas and Esmeraldas.
The Pichincha province was established in 1824 as one of the administrative units of Gran Colombia and received with the Ecuadorian Constitution of 1835, the province name.
In October 2007, the canton of Santo Domingo de los Colorados from the province of Pichincha as a new province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas was outsourced.
Prefect of the province is Gustavo Baroja, originally the social democratic Izquierda Democrática was a member, but joined the ruling party Movimiento País in 2008. Its predecessor, the 2004 selected for the Izquierda Democrática Ramiro González, 2006 resigned to run for vice presidential candidate in tandem with Leon Roldós in the presidential elections in October 2006. Also Izquierda Democrática the part of the Mayor of Quito, Paco Moncayo, at.
Since the President and the Interior Ministry have their headquarters in Quito, there are in the province of Pichincha no governor.
Quito is the capital and administrative and service center in Ecuador. The rest of the province is dominated by agriculture. The canton of Cayambe is due to its altitude at the equator since the 1990s, a center of international rose production.
Through the province runs from north to south the Panamerican Highway. In Quito is one of the two international airports in the country, the Aeropuerto Internacional Mariscal Sucre, which is to be replaced by a new airport.
The Pichincha province is now divided into eight cantons. These are, in order of establishment:
Now, to the province of Santo Domingo de los Tsáchilas heard: