Pierre Bonnard

Pierre Bonnard ( born October 3, 1867 in Fontenay -aux -Roses near Paris, † January 23, 1947 in Le Cannet in Cannes) was a French painter of the Post-Impressionism. He is a representative of introspection and is also counted among the group of artists of the Nabis.


Pierre Bonnard was born the son of a civil servant. He studied at the Sorbonne first law, before he moved to study art at the Académie Julian, where he graduated acquaintance with the painters Maurice Denis, Henri Gabriel Ibels, Paul Ranson and Paul Sérusier. He then studied at the École nationale supérieure des beaux -arts de Paris ( ENSBA ), where she learned, among other things Édouard Vuillard and Ker -Xavier Roussel know.

In 1889, he sold a poster design ( "France -Champagne "). In 1890 he founded together with Denis, Vuillard Sérusier and the artist group Les Nabis, but from whom he soon divorced. He was well acquainted with the art dealer Ambroise Vollard, of which he made ​​several portraits. Bonnard exhibited at the Salon des Independants and met Henri de Toulouse -Lautrec know. In 1896 he had his first exhibition at Paul Durand- Ruel. In 1905 he undertook with Vuillard a trip to Spain, which, inter alia, Travel to Belgium, Holland, England, Italy, Algeria, Tunisia and southern France took place during the following years. In 1911, he rented a studio in the Paris Künstlerhaus Les Fusains, which he held until the end of life. In 1925, he finally bought a house in Le Cannet.

From 1937 Gisèle Belleud became his disciple until his death. 1942, Bonnard, together with Henri Matisse, Francis Picabia and Belleud in the gallery Serguy in Cannes after his wife Marthe on January 26 had died. Marthe figured on numerous paintings of Bonnard as his model. 1942 and 1944 made ​​in the studio portraits of Gisele Belleud while their teacher Bonnard portraits ( Portrait of Bonnard and his dog Poucette on his knees, in 1942, and Bonnard portrait with hat in studio, 1944). Bonnard died in 1947, in the Villa Le Bosquet.

One of the main motives of fascinated by Japanese woodcuts Bonnard included in particular landscapes, flower gardens, sailing boats and the female nude He was particularly fascinated by the pictures of Paul Gauguin and is due to the strong importance of light in his works to the painters of the Post- Impressionism, although he realized his own style basically going into the symbolist direction. In 1964, his works at the documenta III were shown in Kassel in the Department drawings.

For his services he was accepted in 1940 as an honorary member of the Royal Academy of Arts ( Hon RA).