Brasseur came from a large French family of actors. According to one anecdote, he said to have been conceived in a theater. Both his father Albert Brasseur and his grandfather Jules Brasseur were actors. According to the tradition of his family Espinasse was also called Brasseur. This naming is continued by his son Claude and his grandson Alexandre.
At the request of his parents, the young Pierre Brasseur should be signatories. Although he attended the characters hardly rates at which it is entered, but he came up with the flow of surrealism and the art scene in Montparnasse in contact. Finally, Brasseur sat but the family tradition as an actor. His first appearance Pierre Brasseur 1924 in the film Madame Sans - Gêne. In the following four decades Brasseur worked in more than 140 films and 30 theater plays. He also wrote songs for Édith Piaf and also tried his hand as a screenwriter, but his seven boulevard plays were unsuccessful. His greatest success was his actor's role in Children of Paradise as Frédérick Lemaitre.
Pierre Brasseur is buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.