Pillemoine is a commune in the French department of Jura in the Franche -Comté.
Pillemoine is located on 667 m above sea level. M., about five kilometers south of the city Champagnole (air line). The farming village extends in the Jura, in a depression on the high plateau of Champagnole, the second plateau of the Western Jura, west of the upper Ain Valley.
The area of 4.69 km ² municipal area includes a portion of the French Jura. The central part of the area occupied by the basin of Pillemoine that on average 660 m above sea level. M. lies and has a width of approximately one kilometer. It is vermoort and is drained by a small creek to the southeast to Lemme. Is flanked this valley on three sides by the heights of the plateau of Champagnole: in the west of Les Pésières, in the north of Surmont and in the north east from ridge of Chaumont, which drops steeply against the Ain valley to (770 m asl. ). Here is 816 m above sea level. M. reached the highest elevation of Pillemoine.
The village was founded in the 15th century by Pierre Pillemoine and took his surname. It belonged to castellany Châtelneuf. Together with the Franche -Comté came Pillemoine with the Peace of Nijmegen in 1678 to France.
With 59 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) Pillemoine one of the smallest towns in the Jura. Once the population has consistently had in the first half of the 20th century in the range of about 75 people until the 1990s, a substantial population decline was recorded. Since then, the population has increased slightly again.
Economy and infrastructure
Pillemoine was until well into the 20th century a predominantly coined by agriculture, especially livestock and dairy farming, as well as by the forestry village. Even today, the inhabitants live on the merits of the activity in the first sector. Outside of the primary sector there are no jobs in the village. Some employed persons are also commuters who engage in the surrounding larger towns of their work.
The village is located off the major thoroughfares on a secondary road that leads from Le Vaudioux to Mont- sur- Monnet. Another road connection with Châtelneuf.