Pirate Party (Sweden)
Piratpartiet ( German: The Pirate Party ) is a company incorporated on 1 January 2006 Swedish party that fights for the civil rights and civil liberties and freedom of information and privacy. Furthermore, one of the main points of its agenda, the copyright in Sweden to reform completely abolish the patent law and terminate it if necessary and existing contracts with the World Trade Organization sided. Their main target groups are the internet users and especially users of P2P exchanges, as well as students dar. Chairman of the Pirate Party was from 1 January 2006 until 1 January 2011 whose founder Rickard Falkvinge. Successor as party chairman is Anna Troberg.
Meanwhile, pirate parties emerged after the model of the Swedish Pirate Parti in other countries; there is also an international umbrella organization called the Pirate Parties International, in which the party is not represented.
On 1 January 2006 was about 20:30 clock the website online, which meant the founding of the party. Six phases were presented, the first should be the collection of at least 2,000 signatures, ie 500 more than were needed. These should be the Valmyndigheten, the Swedish Election Authority, before February 4 (the last date for admission was February 28th ) can be stored, so that the party could participate in the Swedish election in 2006.
The second to fifth phase involved the registration for the election, nominating candidates for the Reichstag and preparing an organization for the election. There should be local choice organizations in those 43 Swedish municipalities that have 50,000 or more inhabitants.
The sixth and final phase was the election itself, the party hoped that they would get at least 225,000 votes, which would involve a support of 4 percent, ranking it in the national parliament. The election to the Swedish Parliament in 2006 took place on 17 September 2006. The party got 34,918 votes, or 0.63 percent. End of December 2006 was based with Ung Pirat, the youth wing of the Parti Pirate.
In the course of the converted on 1 April 2009, the so-called " IPRED law" (Intellectual Property Rights Enforcement Directive, an EC directive for the protection of intangible rights ) that will crack down file-sharing and copyright offenses, the party experienced a strong growth in membership. Many sympathizers and new members got the party even after the controversial and process observers also unexpected judgment against the BitTorrent site The Pirate Bay on April 17, 2009. According to that judgment, the number of members increased dramatically from about 15,000 to over 40,000 at. Many of these memberships were not renewed after the one-year period member, whereby the party shrank in April 2010, within a few days from now nearly 50,000 to about 25,000 members. The loss of members sat down then continued, so that by mid- June 2010 16.000 persons were members of the party.
Piratpartiet joined the European election in Sweden 2009; in the campaign switched among others Lars Gustafsson as the advocate. On election day, the party won 7.1 percent of the vote and sent to Christian Engström a voting representative in the 7th Parliament. There he is member of the Group of the Greens / European Free Alliance.
With the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty Piratpartiet will receive an additional seat in the EU parliament after signing an Additional Protocol. The 1987 -born Amelia Andersdotter, which will take over as the runner-up option list this seat, so is currently the youngest member of Parliament.
At the general election in 2010 Piratpartiet could increase its vote of 34,918 to 38,491 votes, but remained at 0.65 percent of the vote among the 4 % threshold for representation in parliament. As a result of shrinkage members the party had beginning of October 2011 approximately 8,000 members. After a long stagnation, the number of members doubled in the period October / November 2012 jumped to almost 16,000. This was a police action against file sharing website Tankafetast.com in October 2012.
Policy implications in Sweden
Due to the social debate on copyright, which had been stimulated by the house search at " Pirate Bay ", changed the economic liberal- conservative party Moderata samlingspartiet in the campaign for the general election in 2006 their views toward more liberal positions. The green Miljöpartiet and the left Vänsterpartiet who had earlier criticized the legislation, their views represented now much more offensive.
The former Swedish Minister of Justice Thomas Bodström expressed on 9 June 2006 its willingness to negotiate a revision of a 2005 came into force the law, which made downloading of copyrighted material illegally ( previously was only uploading such material illegal ) if you in return a new tax on broadband Internet access is importing. The Pirate Party commented negatively on this proposal; in their view, such a law is not an acceptable solution, and the current politicians have not yet grasped the essence of the topic.