The Pirin Mountains in Bulgaria
View of the summit from the south Vihren
The Pirin Mountains ( Bulgarian Пирин, Greek Πιρίν, an old name Orbelos ) is a high mountain with strong alpine character in southwestern Bulgaria ( Blagoevgrad Province ) on the border with Macedonia region in northeastern Greece. Depending on the boundaries the Pirin Mountains are located in or on the eastern edge of the historical- geographical landscape Macedonia.
It extends to about 40 km in length from northwest to southeast. Its east-west extent is about 25 km. The Pirin culminates in the 2914 m high Vihren. The mountain is also Bulgaria's largest National Park and occupies an area of 264.9 km ² a. Pirin National Park was included in the UNESCO list of World Natural Heritage in 1983. The name of the mountain derives from Perun, the supreme god of the Slavic mythology ago.
Established in the course of alpidischen orogeny in Europe in the geological epoch of the Neogene period ( Pliocene / Miocene ). It is in its northern part mainly of uplifted metamorphic rocks such as crystalline limestone and marble. Formative are especially in the conical and pyramidal summit of Vihren and Kutelo.
Furthermore, granite and slate found.
- Vihren - 2914 m
- Kutelo I - 2908 m
- Kutelo II - 2906 m
- Banski Suchodol - 2884 m
- Pole Chan - 2851 m
- Kamenica - 2822 m
- Malak Pole Chan - 2822 m
- Bajuwi Dupki - 2,820 m
- Straschite - 2800 m
- Jalowarnika - 2763 m
- Woiwodski Wrach ( Gasej ) - 2761 m
- Isworez - 2753 m
- Todorin Wrach ( Todorka ) - 2746m
- Banderiski Tschukar - 2731 m
- Samodiwski Wrach ( Djengal ) - 2730 m
- Kamenitiza - 2726 m
- Momin dvor - 2725 m
- Glawnischki Tschukar - 2720 m
- Malka Todorka - 2712 m
- Kriwez ( sealed gel scarf ) - 2709 m
- Disiliza - 2700 m
In Pirin Mountain there are over 160 lakes of glacial character with crystal clear water, in which some trout abound.
The Pirin Mountains is covered over 60% of forests, which spread from the surrounding area to be distinguished from each other three belts in the air:
- Up to 1400 m altitude: Book mixing and fir forest
- 1400-1800 m: fir and spruce forest
- To 2200 m: pine, spruce, Scots pine
Pirin is situated next to the 500 year old black pine Bulgaria's oldest tree, estimated at about 1300 years Bajkuschewa tanks jaw. 20% of the located in Bulgaria on the Red List of Threatened Plants can be found here.
- Bear, wolf, lynx, chamois, fox, badger, polecat, stone marten
- Golden eagle, kestrel, wall creeper, Chough
- Trout ( in the lakes )
- Pirin - 1640 m
- Javorov - 1740 m
- Banderitza - 1811 m
- Vihren - 1950 m
- Demyanitsa - 1895 m
- Besbog - 2240m
- Gotse Delchev - 1480 m
- Sinanitsa - 2200 m
- Jane Sandanski - 1230 m
- Kameniza - 1750 m
- Popowi Liwadi - 1412 m
- Tevnoto ežero 2510 m
At the foot of the Pirin Mountains in the north of the remarkable winter sports and mountain resort of Bansko with its alpine skiing area " Shiligarnika ", the town Razlog, the village Dobrinishte, in the southwest near the Greek border of the spa town of Sandanski (warmest and sunniest city in Bulgaria with a population of 25,000 ) between Pirin and Rhodope Mountains Gotse Delchev and the city in the south of the wine-growing village and the center of the Bulgarian National revival and the smallest town in Bulgaria, Melnik, and the village of Pirin.