The Pityusen are an archipelago of the Balearic Islands, consisting of Ibiza, Formentera and numerous smaller and uninhabited islets. The name comes from the Greek Pityusen Pityoussai ( Πιτυοῦσσαι ). The Greeks called the islands so because of their time -rich pine forests ( to Greek Pitys πίτυς, pine ' ), which were native to the Balearics, however.
The 150 islands of the Balearic archipelago formed together around 100 million years ago during the so-called alpidischen orogeny, which is also responsible for many other powerful fold mountain in Europe such as the Alps or the Andalusian fold mountains. The latter was reinforced by today's Balearic Islands are a large massif, millions of years later was separated by a deep sea trench in the Spanish mainland and the island group.
The islands of Ibiza and Formentera form part of the autonomous community of Illes Balears ( Balearic Islands), which combines all the Balearic Islands administratively. Permanently inhabited only the islands of Ibiza and Formentera. As with all the Balearic Islands there is also spoken as a native language of Catalan. The spoken on Ibiza and Formentera Catalan dialect is also called the local language or Formenterensisch.
- Ibiza, Formentera, Es Vedra, It Vedranell, Sa Galera, Espalmador, Tagomago