The Platt Amendment was originally adopted on 2 March 1901 as a supplement to the Army Budget Act of the United States, the Congress of the United States. The supplement was developed by U.S. Defense Secretary Elihu Root; it was named after Senator Orville H. Platt of Connecticut, which they submitted to the U.S. Senate. As a result of the Spanish-American War, in the course of which Cuba had been occupied by the United States, it should regulate the conditions for the withdrawal of U.S. troops and the Cuban- American relations.
Under pressure from the U.S. government, the Platt Amendment was as an additive (English amendment; Spanish enmienda ) was added to the Constitution of Cuba. The Constituent Assembly of Cuba rejected in the first vote from the Platt Amendment with 24:2 votes. After a visit to Washington the vote a revised interpretation of the contract was, after all votes 15:14. It was not until the third ballot on June 12, 1901 16:11 showed votes for the original version, after the U.S. had threatened to keep Cuba as long occupied until a government accepting the Platt Amendment.
The addition was built in 1903 /04, verified in a treaty between the United States and Cuba. Key point is " the law of the United States, Cuba, to intervene to preserve Cuban independence, the maintenance of the government, which guarantees the protection of life, property and individual liberty ." (Article III ) In addition, sets the Platt Amendment in Article VII of the U.S. law firm, " to buy or lease " land routes from Cuba and to use as naval bases. Indeed, the United States intervened repeatedly in Cuban history in order to secure their national and economic interests; so they put, for example, the 1934 Cuban President Ramón Grau San Martín from.
The contract was canceled in May 1934 as part of the " Good Neighbor Policy " ( Good Neighbor Policy) of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, with Section VII, its abolition would have endangered the existence of the American naval base in Guantánamo Bay, was retained.