Plymouth Deluxe

The Plymouth Deluxe was a great car, the Chrysler manufactured under the brand name Plymouth in the model years from 1933 to 1942 and from 1946 to 1950. It replaced the New Finer Plymouth and was the best equipped in series in the years up to 1942. Since 1941 an even better equipped " Special Deluxe " was also offered. In 1946, he was the first car of the brand after the Second World War. Cabriolet and wagon were only available as a Special Deluxe. In 1951, he was replaced by a triumvirate Concord, Cambridge and Cranbrook.

Year by year

Model PD (1933 )

This year Plymouth offered his first six-cylinder car, the standard (model PC). Together with the luxuriously furnished model PD (Deluxe) it replaced the New Finer Plymouth last year with only 4 cylinders. It was developed from the Dodge Model DP, on the chassis with 2,844 mm wheelbase, a longer construction has been set.

In addition to a 4-door sedan and 2-door different structures were available. There was also a bare chassis for customers who wanted to have a " custom" build the body Schneider produced.

The new cars were powered by a six-cylinder in-line engine with side- side valves and 3,110 cc, which developed 70 bhp (51 kW) at 3.600/min. Through a single-plate and a 3- speed transmission with floor shift engine power was transmitted to the rear wheels. All four wheels that could be designed as a wire spoke or wooden spoke wheels were braked hydraulically.

Model PE ( 1934)

The following year, the Deluxe was a bigger engine with 3299 cc, which delivered 77 bhp ( 56.6 kW) at 3600 rpm. The wheelbase was increased by 2 " to 2.896 mm. He also received one of the first low-priced car coil springs instead of leaf springs. Also new was a 5 - door station wagon, the cargo space consisted of a wooden frame blechbeplankten ( "Woody ").

Models PJ, P2, P4 and P6 ( 1935-1938 )

The model PJ - a model designation for all equipment lines this year - had been completely redesigned. The wheelbase of the new X- frame was a uniform 2870 mm. The bodies fell out of round and there was now also sedans with a separate trunk, " Touring sedans " called. The doors were now front hinged rear instead. The performance of the 3.3 - liter engine increased to 82 bhp (60 kW).

In 1936, the Deluxe model P2. The car was again completely redesigned - chassis and plate thicknesses were completely different - but saw the model of the previous year PJ confusingly similar. Thus, the customer felt this only as a facelift.

The Model 1937 had a P4 to 1 " smaller wheelbase ( 2845 mm ), but the structures were longer than in the previous year. The radiator grille was somewhat rotund and looked with its central bar not unlike the contemporary BMW models.

1938 published the model P6 whose wings were further pulled forward. Overall, the vehicle made ​​a stocky impression, which is not well received by the audience. Ironically, in this Jubilee year (10 years old Plymouth) broke the sales figures, although the new model now offered safety glass all around and in the recessed dash for safety switch.

Model P8 (1939 )

Because of failure of the previous models, a new design was actually inevitable, but lacked the necessary money. So you modernized the existing bodies, especially on the stem: The one-piece windshield was replaced by a shared copy in lighter V- shape solitary headlights disappeared into the front fenders (on some models they received a rectangular shape ) and the radiator grille was given a modern slim shape with additional bars at the bottom. Through these measures, the wheelbase grew back to 2896 mm.

In addition to a van ( with verblechten side windows ), there was in this year, the first convertible in the history of the automobile with electrically to be actuated fabric roof. Alternatively, a standard machine with 82 bhp it was on request an engine with 86 bhp (63 kW).

Models P10, P11, P11D and P12 ( 1940-1941 )

This year there was finally the much needed new body, which had received the other brands in the Chrysler Group in the previous year. The wheelbase of the model P10 was now 2972 mm. Since the motor and the front migrated to the rear axle to the rear of the passenger compartment increased significantly in volume. All models were now equipped with a heating or ventilation. Despite the completely new bodywork, the car looked not unlike last year's models; only the radiator grille was chrome strip. The performances of the two motors up to 84 hp ( 62 kW) and 87 bhp (64 kW).

The the 1941 models saw last year's models quite similar, but they could come up with significant changes: The split, hinged in the middle hood of the previous year made ​​a rear-hinged " alligator hood " place. The engines mounted under it now contributed 87 bhp (64 kW ) and 92 bhp (68 kW). In addition to the normal deluxe models P11 and P11D also better equipped P12 Special Deluxe models were offered. They had two-tone paint and the " Woody" station wagons could be ordered according to the customer in two different shades of wood ( the wood but came here in each case of the ash). Cabriolet and wagon were only available as a Special Deluxe.

Models P14S, P14C and P15 (1942, 1946-1948 )

The 1942er models published mid-1941 and production ceased due to the war already the end of January 1942. Compared to last year's models, the grille became flatter and wider and the side running boards were abolished. The old X frame was sent into retirement. Deluxe ( P14S ) and Special Deluxe models ( P14C ) were now the only cars offered by Plymouth. Especially with the deluxe models was saved with chromium; some vehicles had even painted chrome parts and camouflage paint scheme. There was again only one engine, but the 3569 cm ³ engine capacity from all 95 bhp (70 kW) scooped.

In 1946 they took with exactly these models, passenger car production with minor changes again. Grille and front bumper were somewhat different. Also in 1947 they built the P15 models continue without change. The only change in 1948 was the change from 16 "wheels to 15 " wheels. In March 1949, these models have been discontinued.

Models P17, P18, P19 and P20 ( 1949-1950 )

As of April 1949, there was the deluxe version with short wheelbase. Stylistically matched the new models in the previous year, the wheelbase of the P17 but was only 2819 mm. Accordingly, there were only 2 -door bodies. There were still the deluxe to standard chassis ( model P18 ) with 3010 mm wheelbase now with 2 -, 4 - and 5-door bodies. The Special Deluxe, it was only on the normal chassis. The output of the 3.6 liter - engine was increased to 97 bhp (71 kW).

All three model series were taken as P19 or P20 in the model 1950 with minimal changes. On January 12, 1951 they were replaced by successor models Concord, Cambridge and Cranbrook.