The PMA -2 ( Protivpešadijska Mina Antimagnetna - 2) is an anti-personnel mine produced in the former Yugoslavia, which was widely used during the Yugoslav wars. It is the successor to the PMA -1 and the precursor of the PMA- third It is colloquially referred to as Pašteta.
The PMA- 2 has a bright green or white plastic casing in the form and size of a shoe polish tin. The diameter of the lead is 68 mm and the height 61 mm. Placed at the top there is a screwed, chemical fuses type UPMAH -2 with star-shaped pressure plate. The explosive charge consists of approximately 100 g of TNT. Are delivered to the mine body in wooden boxes, each 150 pieces.
At a pressure of more than five kilograms to the star-shaped pressure piece, a metal plate is pierced, and applied to the underlying initial charge pressure. By the pressure and friction on the initial charge, results in a chemical reaction that generates heat. This heat initiates the detonator, which in turn initiates the explosive charge.
Introduced and used was the PMA -2 in the former Yugoslavia. The advantage of the mine is at its low acquisition price, while high efficiency. Is the mine laid, only dominates the six-pointed, resembling a shamrock print piece from the ground, which is hardly perceived by the eye. In some cases, PMA -2 were laid with separate prongs to make them almost invisible.
The PMA -2 is difficult to make out with metal detectors because of their small size and their low metal content of approximately two grams. The PMA -2 was also often placed in close proximity to mines to secure this before händischer eviction. The particular danger here lies in the fact that detect many metal detectors already in a radius of a few centimeters, the anti-tank mine and laid on the edge of small PMA -2 will therefore not be recognized and can remain undetected. To disarm the igniter is usually secured and unscrewed from the mine body, or blown up all mine without contact.