Polish Academy of Sciences

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The Polska Akademia Nauk ( PAN) (German Polish Academy of Sciences ) is a public research institution, which is on the one hand, a merger of the most important scientists of Poland, on the other hand, a network co-managed State Science Institute, which aims to carry out research is at the highest possible level.


The PAN was founded in 1951 at the First Congress of Polish Science under adoption of the Soviet ( Stalinist ) pattern as a merger of the old Polska Akademia Umiejętności ( Polish Academy of scholarship, PAU ) and the Towarzystwo Naukowe Warszawskie ( Warsaw Science Society ) as pure scientists Association. Only in 1960 it was converted into a central state institution, a function that she lost again after the system change in 1990. The state control of science instead took the Komitet Badań Naukowych ( Committee for Scientific Research ).


As a scientist Association PAN includes a number of not more than 350 regular members. In addition, there are also corresponding members. Membership is awarded for life. The right to propose corresponding members have regular members as well as the science councils of universities and national institutes of the Academy. New ordinary members are elected by the other members from the release of squares. Overall, about 30 % of the members are foreign scientists. All members together constitute the General Assembly, which elects the Chairman, the Executive and the heads of various departments and committees.

As a network of institutes, the PAN has several dozen such facilities from all scientific fields. The financing of the institutions directly assumes the Komitet Badań Naukowych. In the institutes about 2,000 scientists are busy. The facilities do not provide basic studies for students, but only doctoral and Habilitandenstudiengänge.

The central institutions of the PAN as the firm or the archive are located in Warsaw. In addition, there are regional departments in Krakow, Gdansk, Lublin, Katowice, Wroclaw, Lodz and Poznan.

There are seven higher-level departments:

  • Wydział Nauk Społecznych ( Social Sciences )
  • Wydział Nauk Biologicznych ( Biological Sciences )
  • Wydział Nauk Matematycznych, Fizycznych i Chemicznych ( Mathematical, Physical and Chemical Sciences )
  • Wydział Nauk Techniczych ( technical sciences)
  • Wydział Nauk Rolniczych, Leśnych i Weterynaryjnych ( agriculture, forestry and veterinary science )
  • Wydział Nauk Medycznych ( Medical Sciences )
  • Wydział Nauk o Ziemi i Nauk Górniczych ( Geo and mining sciences )

At the Academy include the Centre for Historical Research in Berlin and the Research Centre of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Vienna.