Polish parliamentary election, 2007
- MN: 1
- PO: 209
- PSL: 31
- PiS: 166
- PO: 60
- Independently: 1.
- PiS: 39
The parliamentary elections in Poland in 2007 was held on 21 October 2007. It was early elections to both houses of parliament ( Sejm and Senate).
Dissolution of the old Parliament
The Sejm decided on 7 September 2007 his early resolution by a large majority against the votes of the two junior partners of the previous coalition government, the LPR and Self-Defence, and with the voices of the PiS party of Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski. The choice thus took place in September 2009, approximately two years before the end of the regular legislative period of four years.
The Sejm is elected by proportional representation and the Senate by relative majority vote. There was a minimum threshold of 5 % and party alliances to 8%. The legislature was 4 years for both chambers of parliament.
Participating parties and candidates
All 460 seats in the Sejm and all 100 seats in the Senate were filled. Seven parties and party alliances competed in all 41 electoral districts. These were:
At the election for Senate candidates came to a total of 29 parties. For example, the Zieloni 2004 (German Green 2004), the Polish Green Party with its twin spiers and Dariusz Szwed Mosiewicz under Magdalene and the newly established partia Kobiet (German Women 's Party), a moderate- feminist party with the Chairman Manuela Gretkowska.
On October 12, were the top candidates of the two most -assessed parties, Prime Minister Jarosław Kaczyński (PiS ) and opposition leader Donald Tusk (PO ) to a televised debate.
- Civic Platform
- Polish Peasant Party
- Law and Justice
- Democratic Left Alliance
- Poland is the most important
- Polish Social Democracy
The voter turnout was 53.79 %, significantly higher than expected, it was the highest turnout in Polish parliamentary elections since the end of communism in 1989. During the 2005 general election only about 40 % of the electorate cast their vote. For this reason, the country's election management had to obtain new ballots and polling stations opened longer. Therefore, until 22:55 clock a news blackout was imposed for first projections.
The proposal of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE ), to send observers to the election, was rejected by the Polish government. Government speaker January Dziedziczak said: " We can not let that one treats us like a Third World country. " Later, the government caved in but one.
The election results show an East - West divide, in the west and in the southern provinces led the Civic Platform (PO ), the Law and Justice party in the east and southeast. To the voters of the Law and Justice ( PiS) belonged to a large extent voters over 60, while for the Civic Platform mainly young people, under 25 years, agreed. Also in the formation of clear differences could be detected, the higher the education the lower the support of law and justice.
( 2) For the German minority, the 5 - percent threshold was not considered.
Because party crossings, which is by the founding of the Party Poland the most important thing ( PJN ) were due and owing to the dissolution of the Alliance Left and Democrats ( LiD ) there were changes in the distribution of seats (see chart at right).
Cabinet Tusk I
On 16 November 2007, the new Polish government was sworn in under Prime Minister Donald Tusk. It consists of a coalition of parties, Civic Platform PO and PSL. Deputy Prime Minister Waldemar Pawlak are (PSL ) and Grzegorz Schetyna (PO). Pawlak is also Minister for Economic Affairs and Minister of the Interior Schetyna. Zbigniew Derdziuk was Chairman of the Council of Ministers.