The Pomeranian (also Bomhart, Bombart, Bombard ) is a woodwind instrument with a double reed and conical bore, which was developed in the early 15th century from the shawm and equally played in art - such as folk music. He has six or seven finger holes, in addition to a four of a keg -shaped capsule, the so-called Fontanelle, protected flaps. The Bass - Pommer is equipped with an S- bend, higher layers with a pirouette.

The most common locations were

  • Small treble ( h' -h '')
  • Treble ( d'- a'')
  • Small Old (g- d'' )
  • Wholesale or Old Nicolo (c- g ')
  • Tenor ( G- g ')
  • Bass (C -h)

The treble instruments usually retained their designation as shawm.

The design with the unbent sound tube in one piece ( the bass Pommer was about 340 cm long without crook ) also did not contribute to popularity; constructed analogously to the principle of organ pipe, the instrument of the town piper and court musician was not better to transport than an alphorn. Nevertheless, his strong, sharp tone to the early 17th century remained popular especially suited to music in the open air, especially in France.

The largely developed by Jean de Hotteterre from the treble Pommer Oboe finally solved in the Baroque from the Pommer. For the performance of music of the Renaissance reproductions are today played mostly.


Tenor Pommer