Pope Benedict XIII

. Benedict XIII, born Pietro Francesco Orsini name ( in the Order Vincenzo Maria); ( Born February 2, 1649 Gravina in Puglia, Kingdom of Naples, † February 21, 1730 in Rome), was Pope from 1724 to 1730 Previously, there was the anti-pope Benedict XIII, whose count was rejected. ..


Benedict XIII. came from the influential family of the Orsini. At age 16, he was against the wishes of his parents Dominicans, studied theology in Venice, Bologna, and philosophy in Naples and was appointed in 1672 by Pope Clement X to the Cardinal, although he initially opposed the nomination. In 1675 he became Archbishop of Manfredonia, 1680 Bishop of Cesena and 1686, finally archbishop of Benevento. He was regarded as capable and caring deeply about the welfare of its managed dioceses. After a 70 -day conclave, he was elected on 29 May 1724 by the Cardinals to the Pope and enthroned on June 4. Previously, he had, directing, initially refused his advanced age and his physical weakness, to accept the office. Benedict XIII. - He chose the name in memory of the Dominican Pope Benedict XI. - Was extremely pious, but exposed to negative influences.

The first official act, he issued directives to the luxurious pomp religious dignitaries and clerical clothes, without being able to thus ultimately prevail. In dealing with the Jansenism he hit a hard way and forced the chief representative of the flow, Cardinal de Noailles from Paris, unreservedly to accept the bull Unigenitus of Clement XI. , In Jansenism was condemned. In 1725 he published the Memoriale Rituum.

In political matters he was yielding to the claims of Piedmont and Sicily for a state of their own church. Criticism is his pontificate that he used the corrupt Cardinal Niccolò Coscia in Benevento as coadjutor. This was imprisoned after the Pope's death after a popular uprising.

Process of beatification

Pope Pius XI. has accepted the beatification process on February 21, 1931, Benedict XIII. declared a Servant of God.