Porsche 911 classic
Porsche 911 Carrera (G- Model )
The Porsche 911 is a sports car from Porsche and the successor of the Porsche 356, the short " nine-eleven " or only "penalty " called Porsche 911 is the best-known vehicle of the Stuttgart-based company and is the epitome of the brand.
Porsche introduced the so-called " master model " in September 1963 at the IAA in Frankfurt am Main under its internal development number as a Porsche 901 before. The name, however, had to be changed before the start of sales in November 1964 because Peugeot had secured as a name for its car models, the rights to all three -digit numbers with the "0 " in the middle.
- 2.1 body
- 2.2 Motor
- 2.3 interior
- 3.1 anniversary model 1975: "25 years of driving in its most beautiful form "
- 3.2 anniversary model in 1981: "50 Years of Porsche "
- 3.3 1987 anniversary model " produced 250,000 Porsche 911"
- 3.4 anniversary model 1988/89: "25 Years of Porsche 911"
The 911 faced the 356 model a great progress in development dar. This applies to the entire vehicle design and in particular for the motor. Before the start of the 911 - series production in September 1964 13 prototypes were built as a Porsche 901. The price was initially 21,900 German marks, which corresponds adjusted for inflation in today's money 42,500 euros.
The car was a total of bigger and bigger inside than its predecessor 356 The larger windows gave better visibility, which contributed to higher traffic safety. The approximately 11 cm larger wheelbase improved ride comfort. Likewise, the volume of the luggage compartment located in front grew.
It is said that Ferdinand Alexander Porsche to design the car body had, among other things, the proviso to accommodate at least one set of golf clubs in the trunk, since the typical Porsche customers have missed something in the 356. However, the main criterion for the body was a high level of recognition as a Porsche or a resemblance to the previous model. Likewise, the rear engine was ( behind the rear axle ) a fixed criterion, which stood in the specification of the body engineers.
Together with Erwin Komenda, who has already significantly influenced the development of the Porsche 356, Ferdinand Alexander Porsche, designed the shape of the 911, which is characteristic of the car until today. In 1963 presented " original model " was until mid-1973 with different motor outputs (T, L, E and S) and equipment added first built only as a coupe and from model year ( mj ) in 1967 as a Targa. A Cabriolet, there were only from mid-1982 in the " G " model.
The concept of air-cooled boxer engine as the rear engine remained, but the four-cylinder 1.6 liter engine of the previous model was replaced by a newly constructed 2- liter six- cylinder engine.
Reason for the increase of the number of cylinders and engine capacity was the one that is still based on the engine of the VW Beetle 356- series engine with max. 95 hp could not be further developed with economically acceptable cost and on the other hand, the fact that a six-cylinder engine offers greater smoothness and thus greater comfort.
Power and engine capacity grew steadily, so the tech. Valid data in the following paragraph only for the built up middle 1969 911/911 L models:
The performance of the new drive was 96 kW ( 130 hp) at an engine speed of 6100 rpm. Two Solex carburetors produced triple the fuel-air mixture. A dry sump lubrication system with oil cooler to the engine (and later an additional cooler in the front right fender ) was used to lubricate and cool the inside of the engine. The large axial-flow fan for the cooling air dominated optically the engine compartment. In addition to the 13 901 prototypes were produced a total of 230 cars of the type 911 ( as of September 1964) in the first model year 1965.
Top of the line there was from My. 1967 911 S ( Super) with higher compacted 160 PS petrol engine. The 911 with 130 - hp engine got in Mj. In 1968, the designation 911 L (luxury ); the same was as a relatively inexpensive starter model of the 911 T ( Touring) with 110 -horsepower engine and four-speed transmission (otherwise 5-speed ) available. The 911 L carbureted engine was from My. 1969 by 911 E replaced with 140 hp power and mechanical port injection, which was also used in the S now 170 hp 911.
In the course of the facelift was in Mj. 1970, the first displacement to 2.2 liters and from Mj. 1972 increased to 2.4 liters with the corresponding increase in performance. The Carrera RS of Mj. 1973 has a 2.7 - liter engine.
The 110 -horsepower engine of the 911 T was used from 1969 to 1972 in the VW - Porsche 914/6.
The dashboard has been compared to that of the 356 revised and adapted to the taste of the 1960s. However, the ignition lock was left of the steering column.
The position of the ignition key came from racing when the cars were parked at the start off the track and the drivers run only to their vehicles and then they had to start. Since a left positioned on the steering wheel key can be operated faster when boarding, were to gain time, many race cars so equipped.
The arrangement of the five instruments was maintained until the Model 993: Left of center built large tachometer, the instrument clusters for fuel level / oil level and oil temperature / oil pressure and to the right of the speedometer and analog clock.
The Carrera RS 2.7
A special position among the original models assumes the model year 1973 ( F-series) built 911 Carrera with a 2.7 liter engine.
The 911 Carrera RS 2.7, unveiled at the Mondial de l'Automobile in Paris in October 1972, was named as former racing models after the Carrera Panamericana and planned as a small series of originally 500 vehicles to gain homologation for racing. The car differed externally from the other 911ern by its front and rear flared wings, which were characteristic of all later Carrera models. The special front spoiler had a central opening for the oil cooler. The tail graced the first time a wing or spoiler, which was called because of its shape ducktail.
The car was fitted as standard with the so-called Fuchs wheels in 15 inch and used Porsche was the first manufacturer in the model different tire sizes on front and rear axle: Front: 185/70 VR 15; Rear 215/60 VR 15 Like the 911 S was 85 liters, the tank is now made of plastic.
The engine is provided with a mechanical double row injection pump has 2.7 liter capacity and ensure that, when 6300/min 154 kW (210 hp). Different parts of the car are made of lightweight construction ( Front cover made of thin sheet metal, motor cover made of glass fiber reinforced plastic ) so that it resembles weighs 1075 kg in the sports version, only about 975 kg, and in the Touring version.
Different between the two models is the interior: The option of a RS- Touring has the standard equipment of the 911 S, while in the RS sports a Recaro bucket seat is installed for the driver and the rear seats are missing. Furthermore, the clock, the passenger sun visor, door armrests and storage boxes are missing. Instead of using a carpet in floor is covered with rubber mats. Other differences exist in the body: the otherwise exhibitable rear side windows are fixed at RS sport, moldings are made of PVC instead of rubber, the Porsche crest is a simple sticker etc. As spare wheel - is missing from the RS- Sport - is in RS Touring as the first 911, a weight-saving folding with the associated compressor on board.
Likewise, there are slight differences in the electrical system. The RS- Sport for example, has only a 36 Ah battery (RS- Touring: two batteries of 36 Ah) and a Tieftonhorn instead of a Zweiklangfanfare. In addition, there are differences in suspension, suspension, etc.
For those who could 1972/73 not purchase the " original model " Carrera RS 2.7, the G-model with the same 210 -horsepower engine as the 911 Carrera was available until the middle of 1975. These 911, there were only a few pieces ( Coupe: 1534 Targa: 610). Today, they are similar to the Carrera RS 2.7 popular collector's items.
The first major revision of the 911 was adopted by a body in 1972 by the U.S. Agency for driving safety ( NHTSA) rule triggered the "Motor Vehicle Information and Cost Savings Act". This called for all new vehicles that up to a speed of 5 mph = 8 km / h impact the bumper on an obstacle no damage to the car has the consequence. To fulfill this requirement, the 911 were fitted with redesigned bumpers, which were equipped for the U.S. market with integrated elastic shock absorbers. For all vehicles that were not intended for export to the USA, found favorable impact tubes use but which are deformed in parking accidents and had to be replaced. The impact damper could be ordered as an extra.
Each model year of the Porsche 911 is referred to internally with a letter. The counting began in mid- 1967 with the model year 1968 as the A- series and ended with the 1979 model; M Series ( Letter I was not awarded). The models from 1980 are referred to as program: Model Year ( mj ) 1980 A program to Mj. 2000, the Y program. The letters I, O, U and Q were not used. Mj. 2001 is the one program that Mj. In 2002, the 2 program u.s.w. From model year 2010 (A ) program, the alphabet is used again.
The G- model ( correct: The G- series) appeared in mid 1973 ( model year 1974) and the 911 was made with this body 16 years to mid-1989 ( end of K program). Although, strictly speaking, only the 1974 model year may be referred to as " G " model, are generally from 1973 to 1989 called all 911 types of model years so. Simultaneously with the K program from mid-1988, production of the successor type Porsche 964
The main difference between the original model and the G- model are mainly the large bumpers of the newer 911ers - these have got heavier. In particular, the fold-like plastic transitions between the bumper and the body have the model the nickname " bellows - Porsche " introduced.
The front turn signals were moved from the fenders into the bumper corners. At the rear is between the rear lights, a continuous red reflector tape with the words "Porsche" added. Sportier models such as the Carrera or Turbo, have further outward flared fenders front and especially at the rear to accommodate wider wheels can. Other differences to the body to the original model, such as the further enlarged wheelbase are hardly visible.
The car was initially offered in the equipment variants 911, S and Carrera. With a wider body 1975 ( H series), the new 911 Turbo was delivered from the beginning. The 3-liter turbocharged engine of the fastest German production car makes 260 hp and allows a top speed of 250 km / h From model year 1978 are with intercooler and 3.3 liters of displacement even 300 hp up to 260 km / h.
As of the 1976 model used Porsche 911 for load-bearing parts of partially galvanized body panels and granted a guarantee against rusting of 6 years. From model year 1981, this guarantee was increased to 7 years, since the entire body was now finally completely hot-dip galvanized on both sides.
The 911 - G model was initially only available as a coupe and Targa. The past in the U.S. in preparation safety laws, the convertibles a U.S. approval would have been denied, in the early 1980s finally discarded. After almost 20 years break Porsche therefore presented in March 1982 at the Geneva Motor Show with the 911 SC Cabriolet again before an open vehicle. Of the 4277 -built SC cabriolets of the first model year 1983 about 40 % (1877 vehicles) went to the USA. The study than in 1987 at the IAA in Frankfurt presented 911 Speedster with emergency top was built in the 1989 model year as a small series 2102 times.
From G model have all 911 types of motors with at least 2.7 liters of displacement. The type 911 T accounted for with triple carburetors. The performance of the entry-level model 911 was 110 kW ( 150 hp ); the 911 S had 129 kW (175 hp).
Already in the previous model year 1973 were already destined for export to the U.S. as the first 911 cars worldwide, instead of the elaborate mechanical 6- injection pump the simpler K -Jetronic, which provided for lower emissions and fuel consumption. Bosch had developed the system in 1970 in close cooperation with Porsche. In model year 1974, then all 911 (except the Carrera ) equipped with the K -Jetronic.
In the 911 Carrera two years the engine of the "RS" due to the low numbers was built with mechanical double row injection pump having a power output of 154 kW achieved (210 hp). ( Coupe: 1534; Targa: 610 ), these Carrera -G dar. models similar to the Carrera RS 2.7 of the original model popular collector's items
The engine range of the Model 1978 (L series) to 1983 (D ) program consisted only of the 3-liter naturally aspirated 180 and 204 hp in the 911 SC Coupe and Targa as well as the 3.3 -liter engine in the 300 hp 911 Turbo ( Coupé only ).
More stringent emission regulations in the main sales markets of the U.S., Japan and Europe meant that Porsche in conjunction with the introduction of catalyst technology for the mid-1983 starting I program the displacement increased to 3.2 liters and the K -Jetronic with electronic injection and ignition system Motronic (DME ) with fuel cut-off of Bosch replaced. Only the built already in 1974 first 911 Turbo ( see Porsche 930) was provided until the end of production in 1989 with the K -Jetronic. Due to the increase in cubic capacity engine power increased from 150 kW ( 204 hp) to 170 kW ( 231 hp ); at the same time the consumption was lower by the use of DME.
The new 3.2-liter engines of the now " Carrera " called 911 model year 1984 got a hydraulic chain tensioner, which was connected to the oil circuit of the motor. For the U.S. and Japanese markets was a low compressed ( 9.5:1 ) version with 153 kW ( 207 PS) provided. the mid- 1984 ( F-program ) for Germany as an option and in Switzerland and Austria standard type with regulated catalytic converter and Lambda probe was unleaded petrol ( euro Super) designed with 95 octane and made also initially 153 kW ( 207 hp), later 160 kW (217 hp).
A special feature is the Porsche 911 Turbo, the engine provides means turbocharged 3 liter engine 191 kW (260 hp). As of 1978, the power to 221 kW ( 300 hp) was increased by increase in displacement to 3.3 liters and an additional intercooler that had the turbo model to the production end of 1989. As of mid-1983, the car in the U.S. was no longer available because of there tighter emission regulations.
The interior was revised only in a few details and did not differ from that of the original model much.
In general, more emphasis was placed on the driving comfort at the G- model, which is reflected in the style and the extra electrical features. The power seats have an optional heating. Likewise, power windows, a power sunroof and a power-operated convertible top could be ordered.
These many helpers made sure that the cockpit of the 911 were housed in various places switches that are not very ergonomic, by modern standards. This shortcoming was corrected only when the successor models 964 and 993.
The Porsche 911 G- model, some special models were made that stand out by a particularly rich and sometimes unique features than the standard models.
Anniversary model 1975: "25 years of driving in its most beautiful form "
From the autumn of the year 1974 ( model year 1975) there was the 25 -year-old Porsche Production in Stuttgart a special model in silver with rich equipment. A total of 400 cars of the special series were produced, of which 16 vehicles as Carrera Targa. Besides the eye-catching interior, the vehicles were equipped with a plaque on the glove compartment lid. Then "25 years of driving in its most beautiful form " next to the slogan was also the serial number of the special series, the customer's name and the signature of Ferry Porsche mapped.
In Germany, both the small coupe, the "S " and some 2.7 -liter Carrera was built. The same applies to the " targa ". In addition to the European version also 500 units for the U.S. market were produced. There is, however, only the narrow version of the coupe with the 2.7 - liter engine and 165 hp. The matt black Eloxatteile, standard on the Carrera, were also used in special model to underline the sporty appearance.
In all models, the limited edition model was marked with the badge on the glove compartment lid. In the U.S. market with the slogan. "25 Years of Driving in its purest form " In the U.S. market was decided not to built in the German model headlamp cleaning with your eye-catching spray nozzles The little popular ATS wheels ( " cleaver " or cookie cutter. called ) were painted in the German version in magnesium and a special darker silver color - Front and rear in size 6Jx15. The versions of the Carrera RS with the 2.7 engine and 210 hp were the standard Fuchs rims size 6Jx15 front and rear 7Jx15.
Anniversary model in 1981: "50 Years of Porsche "
At the Porsche press release ( 21/ 81) it says: " For their 50th anniversary, the smallest German car manufacturer presents three exclusively equipped special models in limited numbers: only 600 Porsche 924 in color Zinnmetallic, 200 Porsche 911 SC in Meteor Metallic and 140 Porsche 928 S, also in Meteor Metallic, are available in the Federal Republic is common to all the expensive equipment that is not even available on special request otherwise, and a striking signature:. , the headrests of the anniversary Porsche is adorned with the embroidered words " F. Porsche ". "
The 911 series has the engine of the SC model with 150 kW ( 204 hp) at 5900/min in the rear. However, the car in the special color Metallic Meteor is painted. Only in model year 1984, this color could be ordered as an optional extra. The interior had a leather / fabric combination ( M410 ) in burgundy. Seat center strips on the front and rear red / silver in substance. Door panels, rear side panels and rear wall / silver in fabric red. To this end, the classic 3 -spoke leather steering wheel, which was first installed in 1973 in the standard 2.7 Carrera burgundy in execution. Headliner also in burgundy as well as the deep-pile carpet.
This special model also has the following amenities available as standard: electric mirrors right ( M261 ), center console wine red ( M590 ) rear wiper ( M425 ), electric antenna ( M461 ), speakers, filtering, green heat -insulating glass ( M443 ) and the LM rims forged front 7Jx15, rear 8Jx15, star painted black with front tires 185/70 VR 15 and rear 215/60 VR 15 This Fuchs rims are one of the features that make the special model can be identified from outside. The model code for the 50 years anniversary model of the model year 1982 ( VIN "CS" ) is M403.
Porsche 911 SC ( anniversary model 1981)
Sticker ( anniversary model 1981)
1987 anniversary model " produced 250,000 Porsche 911"
In the summer of 1987 for model year 1988, a limited edition of 875 copies anniversary model of the 911 Carrera was published on the occasion of the 250,000 th Porsche 911 produced. These vehicles were available in the coupe body styles, Targa and Cabriolet.
The vehicle could be ordered with either the 3.2-liter engine with or without catalyst. Without catalyst, the engine is 170 kW ( 231 hp ) and 160 kW with catalytic converter (217 hp) at 5900/min. The vehicles have a special paint color diamond blue metallic, with the standard 15-inch Fuchs wheels were painted. The interior is decorated in silver blue metallic. The headrest of the driver and passenger seat have an embroidered inscription " F. Porsche ". For fixed equipment also included a short shifter, the elimination of the " Carrera " lettering on the tailgate and a silver-colored Langvelour carpet in the trunk. In the glove box is a round badge with the inscription " 250 000 911 anniversary - special edition 1987 ". In vehicles for the U.S. market, the year 1987 was replaced on the plaque by the specification MY88 (model year 88). (This is verified only through a prospectus, whether this plaque was really shaped with MY88 is unknown) The chassis numbers are the first of the model year 88, as these anniversary models are all therefore ran directly after the summer break in 1987 by the band ( the last digits of the VIN numbers range in these models 0061 to over 0600, depending on the model ). In the Porsche PET, this model is referred to as JUBI88.
Anniversary model 1988/89: "25 Years of Porsche 911"
From the summer of 1988 ( model year 89) was offered for the 25th anniversary of the 911 still a special model series. It is very feature-rich car with the model code M 097 ( Germany ), M 098 (U.S.) and M 099 (Other countries ). Each of these models had both inside and outside its own color and interior.
The cars for Germany in dark blue had a full leather interior with pearl gray carpeting. The U.S. version was painted in silver metallic with gray carpet and are also equipped in full leather. 60 of the cars delivered in the United States were delivered in a special black metallic paint. All other vehicles sold in the world were painted in metallic blue and had a matched interior ( leather in metallic blue and silver carpet in blue) as the special model " 250.000er 911" from the year 1987.
Common to all was a special full-length center console. As can be seen in contemporary Porsche Prospect, is also located in this anniversary model a plaque on the glove compartment. In the headrests of the seats was in contrast to the anniversary model " produced 250,000 Porsche 911" no lettering embroidered.
Technical data of the original 911ers
The Porsche 911 was produced with this porsche- internal designation until 1973 in the following versions. He was also available as a Targa either in the body style coupe and starting in 1966. All of the cars have a rear wheel drive.
Technical data of the G- model
The Porsche 911 was produced with this porsche- internal designation from 1973 to 1989 in the following versions. He was also available as a convertible either in the body style coupe, Targa and 1983. The numbers of the Carrera apply for Speedster 3.2 l Technical data for the 911 Turbo are deposited on the special page of the Porsche 930.
Technical data of the Sport-/Straßenversionen
For sports driver Porsche offered sportier, but still approved for public road transport vehicles. These models have more power at lower vehicle weight by less Comfortably equipped and were produced only as a coupe.