Porto Alegre on the map of Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre ( [ poɾtu alɛɡɾi ] pronunciation? / I / Portuguese for Merry Port ) is the capital of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. She is one of the largest cities in Brazil and an economic and cultural center of the southern part of the country. According to a comparative study of the United Nations Porto Alegre has the best quality of life in cities in Latin America.
Porto Alegre will also be a venue for the World Cup 2014. The games take place in the renovated Estádio Beira- Rio SC Internacional.
- 5.1 universities
- 7.1 port
- 7.2 airport
- 7.3 Metro
- 9.1 Nightlife
- 9.2 Catering
- 9.3 Shopping
The city is a major river port, lying at the confluence of several medium-sized rivers that flow into the Rio Guaiba. This is lagoon- wide and merges with the 250 km long and up to 60 kilometers wide Lagoa dos Patos.
Porto Alegre has 1,440,939 inhabitants ( 2005), situated on ten meters above sea level. The entire metropolitan area covers more than 30 cities ( including Canoas Novo Hamburgo, São Leopoldo and Gravataí ) and a population of just four million people. Due to its location in the far south of the country, the city is further away from the major Brazilian cities like Rio de Janeiro ( distance 1558 km ), São Paulo ( 1109 km ) and the capital Brasília ( 2027 km ) away, as, for example, of Montevideo, capital of Uruguay ( 890 km ) or Buenos Aires, the capital of Argentina ( 1063 km ).
Porto Alegre was founded in 1772 by Portuguese immigrants from the Azores. In the 19th century, many German, Polish and Italians came to town and settled there. 1835, the city fell during the Farrapen Revolution for eight months in the hands of the insurgents.
1988 won the Labour Party with Olívio Dutra the mayoral elections. Porto Alegre became the first Brazilian city with a PT administration. There were other PT- Mayor: Tarso Genro, Raul Pont and João Verle. Although the PT had always form a coalition with other parties, but she could their idea of an investment budget ( also called participatory budgeting ) prevail. This both revenue and expenditure sets new standards of local politics were disclosed set as well as by a direct involvement of citizens. At the district level meetings are called, in which sufferers decide in a multistage process itself on infrastructure projects. Meanwhile, many city governments have been working in Brazil with this Orçamento Participativo, even some communities in Germany have adopted the idea.
Mayor since 2010 is José Fortunati (PDT ).
The mayor of the city since 1897:
In the city, the World Social Forum took place in the years 2001, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2010 and 2012 rather than in January, an alternative summit of associations and NGOs dealing with issues of globalization, debt relief of the third world, social justice and environmental protection is concerned.
Culture and sights
Porto Alegre is dominated by the nearby neighboring countries Argentina and Uruguay.
The main attractions Porto Alegre include the historic center with the Mercado Público of 1869, the Usina do Gasómetro, the Casa de Cultura Mário Quintana in the former Hotel Majestic, where the poet died. In Farroupilha takes place the weekend of the Brique da Redenção instead, a mixture of organic market, flea and craft market. In Parque Marinha do Brasil there is a sculpture garden with works of Latin American sculptor, the Jardim das Esculturas Porto Alegre.
Since 1997, the Art Biennial Bienal do Mercosur will take place in Porto Alegre.
The Porto Alegre Temple, the city has one of the few temples of the Mormons in Brazil.
The education system in Porto Alegre is well developed. There are both state and private schools in the city. Highlight here is the military-run Colegio Militar, which is located at Parque Farroupilha and located in Petropolis international school Panamerican School of Porto Alegre.
In Porto Alegre and the surrounding area there is a diverse higher education landscape. In addition to some state universities like the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul ( UFRGS ) and the Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre ( UFCSPA ), there are in the city and the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre, some large private facilities:
- Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing ( ESPM -RS)
- Faculdade de Educação postage Alegrense ( FAPA )
- Faculdades Riograndenses ( FARGS )
- Pontifical Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUC -RS)
- Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos ( UNISINOS )
- Luterana Universidade do Brasil ( ULBRA )
- SEBRAE Universidade de Negocios ( USEN )
Archdiocese of Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Porto Alegre. Episcopal Church is the Catedral Metropolitana Mãe de Deus ( Mother of God Cathedral ).
The port is located in the west of the city, adjacent to the city center. A part of the port area has now been decommissioned. The harbor is still trading center for goods and goods that are produced in the surrounding areas. At the southern end of the harbor place regularly from tourist boats and take a piece of the Laguna down along the Porto Alegre opposite islands. Above all, the sunset you can enjoy a beautiful view from the water of the skyline of Porto Alegre.
The Salgado Filho International Airport in Porto Alegre (POA / SBPA ) is considered the most modern airport in South America and has air links with major cities of Brazil and to international destinations. He is the ninth of the Brazilian airports in terms of passenger numbers and freight volumes. The airport offers connections to almost all the major domestic airports also good connections to Argentina and Uruguay. In the past there were also direct connections to Europe, but which are currently set for the most part. Only the Portuguese TAP since May 2011 back to a direct connection from Lisbon.
The Trensurb or Metrô de Porto Alegre is an important part of the infrastructure of the metropolitan region of Porto Alegre. Line 1 is 33.8 km long and connects the north of Porto Alegre lying cities like Canoas and São Leopoldo, with the center. Currently (2010 ) the existing line 1 extended by 9.3 km to Novo Hamburgo. In the long term the metro network to another line 2 ( Mercado Público - UFRGS Campo Vale ) to be expanded.
From Porto Alegre come two Brazilian Premiership football clubs who have attained world significance. Sport Club Internacional won the FIFA Club World Cup 2006. Inter's great rival, the Gremio FB, won the 1983 World Cup, defeating then Hamburger SV in the final. The Gremistas, the nickname of the Gremio fans wear their matches at the Estádio Olímpico Monumental. The home of the Colorado River, so the fans of Inter, the Estádio Beira- Rio, is located directly on the Rio Guaiba, just a few kilometers away from the Olimpico. The Beira Rio is currently being rebuilt for the World Cup in 2014. In this context, the stadium capacity is increased, the grandstands are drawn closer to the pitch and the entire area will be adapted to the requirements of FIFA, which, for example, an improvement in the parking situation and larger open spaces will mean around the stadium. Grêmio built a completely new venue, the Arena do Grêmio, which lies north and from the airport was inaugurated in December 2012. The big derby between the two clubs is called Grenal ( Gremio, Internacional).
On the Racecourse Hipódromo do Cristal races are held regularly each November the Grand Prize Bento Goncalves.
In October 2013 Porto Alegre was host to the 20th World Veterans Championships Athletics.
The city's nightlife is focused on three different parts of the city. The biggest concentration of bars and clubs is da Republica and Rua João Alfredo be found in the Cidade Baixa to the Flanierstraßen Rua General Lima e Silva, Rua. This area is especially well attended by students, which is due to the more moderate prices and the nearby Campo Centro UFRGS. Not far from the Cidade Baixa on the other side of the Parque Redenção there is another bar area in the Santana district. Here are more alternative and artistic venues to be found. The density range is not as high by far. European and also more expensive it is going to the bars and clubs in the posh neighborhood Moinhos de Ventos, in which string together several chic cafes and pubs. But even outside these three districts are spread throughout the city of bars and clubs, such as on Avenida Independencia or Avenida Venancio Aires. In the course of undergoing work and beautify the city for the World Cup in 2014 also the waterfront is to be developed for tourism. The focus is the revitalization of the old Cais.
Rio Grande do Sul is known for its exquisite meat, its meat dishes and also for its legendary Churrascarias, of which there are many in the capital of Rio Grande do Sul. But the European influences on the South of Brazil are not to be overlooked. On the Avenida Cristóvão Colombo for example, a pizzeria joins to the next and also the German or Swiss cuisine is to be found, though not as numerous as in the hinterland of Porto Alegre.
In the streets of Porto Alegre one sees people often drink their Chimarrão. Also popular is the Sunday Churrasco in one of the centers of the gaucho culture (CTG, Centro de Tradições Gauchas ).
The city offers a variety of shopping opportunities. In the Centro to the Mercado Publico around, there are several pedestrianized shopping streets. In addition, located in the city several different major malls such as shopping total, Praia de Belas Shopping, Shopping Moinhos de Ventos, Shopping Iguatemi, shopping or shopping Bourbon Barra Sul. The latter is one of the largest and newest shopping centers in Brazil. While retailers have been more settled and partly chains in Centro, the big brands, luxury products, but also chains can be found in the shopping centers for the most part. The local supermarket chains in Porto Alegre Nacional (from the Walmart group), Carrefour, Zaffari, Superrisul or Big Hipermercado.
With the following cities of Porto Alegre twinning has been received:
- Japan Kanazawa, Japan, 1967
- Italy Morano Calabro, Italy, 1982
- Argentina La Plata (city), Argentina, 1982
- Portugal Ribeira Grande, Portugal, 1982
- Uruguay Punta del Este, Uru-guay, 1984
- Brazil Natal, Brazil, 1992
- Argentina Rosario, Argentina, 1994
- Russia Saint Petersburg, Russia, 2000
Sons and daughters of the city
- Florêncio Carlos de Abreu e Silva (1839-1881), lawyer, journalist, author and politician
- Roberto Landell de Moura (1861-1928), priest and inventor
- Rudolf Huch (1862-1943), lawyer, essayist and author
- Karl Hanssen (1867-1916), German national football team
- Carlos Martins Pereira e Souza (1884-1965), diplomat
- Luís Carlos Prestes (1898-1990), communist politician, husband of Olga Benario
- Nestor Souto de Oliveira (1900-1988), general and diplomat
- Radamés Gnattali (1906-1988), musician and composer
- Guido João Frederico Pabst (1914-1980), botanist
- Adãozinho (1923-1991), football player
- José Lutz Berger (1926-2002), German -Brazilian politician and environmental activist
- Breno Mello (1931-2008), actor and football player
- Luís Fernando Veríssimo (* 1936), writer
- Moacyr Scliar (1937-2011), writer
- Carlos Nejar (* 1939), writer
- Roberto Szidon (1941-2011), pianist
- Everaldo Marques da Silva, also known as Everaldo (1944 - 1974), football player
- Geraldo flat (1945-2011), pianist, composer and arranger
- Elis Regina (1945-1982), singer
- Zé do Rock ( born 1956 ), writer (mostly in German language )
- Hiking Wildner (* 1960), rock musician
- Adriana Calcanhotto (born 1965 ), singer
- Paulo Scott (born 1966 ), poet and author
- Marcelo Baumbach (born 1967 ), diplomat
- Roberto de Assis Moreira (born 1971 ), football player
- Tomas Behrend ( born 1974 ), tennis player
- Fernanda Lima ( b. 1977 ), TV presenter, actress and model
- Tinga (born 1978 ), football player
- Giovanni Vescovi ( b. 1978 ), chess grandmaster
- Gisele de Oliveira ( born 1980 ), triple jumper
- Ronaldinho ( b. 1980 ), football player
- Felipe Nunes ( b. 1981 ), football player
- Rodrigo Alvim ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Cássio Barbosa ( b. 1983 ), football player
- Luiz Adriano ( * 1987), football player
- Anderson Luís de Abreu Oliveira ( * 1988), football player
- Vítor Faverani (* 1988), basketball player
- Leandro Damiao (* 1989), football player
- Oscar dos Santos Júnior Emboaba (* 1991), football player