Portuguese legislative election, 1979

  • UDP Template: Election chart / Maintenance / code: 1
  • APU Template: Election chart / Maintenance / Name: 47
  • PS: 74
  • PSD: 7
  • AD Template: Election chart / Maintenance / Symbol: 121

The parliamentary election in Portugal 1979 was held on December 2. She finished a resulting due to the parliamentary majority after the parliamentary election 1976 stalemate.


After the 1976 election the one hand, the rivalries between Socialists and Communists prevented the formation of a mathematically possible left-wing government, on the other hand, possessed the bourgeois parties do not own majority. The attempt to establish a viable left-right government (PS and CDS) among M. Soares, failed after only a short time to irreconcilable differences.

President António Ramalho Eanes then tried ( from November 1978 to June 1979 ) to stabilize the political situation by authorizing the formation of non-partisan government under Alfredo Nobre da Costa (August to November 1978) and under Carlos Mota Pinto. However, lack of parliamentary majorities, none of these governments of long duration. On 13 July 1979 President Eanes dissolved parliament, called for early elections in December 1979 and asked the representative of Portugal to UNESCO, Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo, with the formation of a transitional government, which began its work in August 1979.

On the civil side of the political spectrum in the meantime had the leader of the Social Democratic Party ( PSD ), formerly the Popular Democratic Party (PPD), Francisco Sá Carneiro, developed the undisputed leader of the opposition. He closed the two main bourgeois parties, its conservative-liberal Social Democrats and the conservative right-wing Social Democratic and Centre ( CDS ) under the name Democratic Alliance (AD) together in a combined list. The third party was involved in this center-right coalition, the small monarchist party PPM.

Also on the left is already a coalition in 1978 also formed. The Communists (PCP ), and already in 1969, the Estado Novo as still under the opposition force Portuguese Democratic Movement - Democratic Election Commission (MPD / CDE ) formed the APU, the Alliance Vereintes people.

Election results

With a clear lead Sá Carneiro won with his Democratic Alliance election and led as prime minister from January 1980 was the first civilian government since the revolution of 1974.

The turnout was 82.87 %. The counting was carried out according to the d' Hondt method.


According to the former Portuguese Constitution, however, began with these early elections not a new term, but the newly elected parliament ended only the legislature which began in 1976. Therefore, elections were held on October 5, 1980 already again, this time regular instead.