Pranab Kumar Mukherjee ( Bengali: প্রনব কুমার মুখার্জী Pranab Kumar Mukhārjī; born December 11, 1935 in West Bengal ) is an Indian politician and, since 25 July 2012, the 14th President of India. He was Finance Minister in the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister Manmohan Singh. On 26 May 2012, shortly before the Indian presidential elections on 19 June 2012, he resigned from this office to the candidate of the ruling Congress Party to run for the presidency. On July 22, 2012 it was announced that Mukherjee has won the election by a large majority. Mukherjee was leader of the Congress party in the 14th Lok Sabha and is known as a competent party official and loyal supporter of the Gandhi family.
He studied law at the Calcutta University and started his career as a lawyer and university lecturer. He is also a graduate of the History and Political Science.
Pranab Mukherjee was born in the village of Birbhum district of West Bengal in Mirati son of Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee and Rajlakshmi Mukherjee. His father was already early in the Indian National Congress active, a dedicated and temporarily detained activists of the independence movement and nachmaliger official of the Indian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
On 13 July 1957 he married Suvra Mukherjee, with her he has two sons and a daughter.
Mukherjee can look back on a political career of more than four decades, beginning with his election to the Rajya Sabha in 1969; In his role, he was re-elected several times, most recently 1999. 1973 he was appointed as Deputy Minister for Industrial Development Cabinet Member. His first swearing-in was more of a coincidence, when he was present as a witness the swearing in of ministers. The number of officials to vereidigenden was viewed as a promise of misfortune; Mukherjee was so unceremoniously mitvereidigt.
But Mukherjee proved capable politician and grew in expertise and reputation and eventually became the major finance minister from 1982 to 1984. 1984 he was elected to this function as part of a survey as the world's best finance minister.
After the death of Indira Gandhi, he fell out with her successor Rajiv Gandhi, which he no longer belonged to his cabinet and the party left for a short time. After a period of political emigration Mukherjee joined the party again in 1989 and continued his political career; PV Narasimha Rao appointed him as a deputy chairman of the Planning Commission and later to the Federal Minister. Already 1995-1996 Mukherjee was the first time foreign minister in Rao's cabinet. In 1997 he was honored with the title " Outstanding Parliamentarians ".
Mukherjee enjoys great respect in his party; Sonia Gandhi's biographer Rasheed Kidwai said of him: " [ ... ] the leading members of Congress consider him as a living encyclopedia. He is an authority on all topics, from food processing to diplomacy and social policy. "When Sonia Gandhi reluctantly entered the political scene of India, Mukherjee was one of her most important mentors.
On 24 October 2006 he was appointed Foreign Minister of India. Short term: Mukherjee was also as a presidential candidate in conversation, but the plan was soon dropped, because you do not want to waste the practical skills liberated office of Indian President which is considered capable politician Mukherjee. After the parliamentary elections in India in 2009, he took over the post of finance minister.
In 2008 he was awarded the Padma Vibhushan.
Pranab Mukherjee was mid- June 2012 nominated by the ruling Congress party candidate for the presidency. He went on in the election on July 19, 2012 against the supported by the BJP PA Sangma; the incumbent Pratibha Patil did not run for a second term.
Pranab Mukherjee was a member of the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank and the African Development Bank. Later, he was the Group of 24 before. He signed as a representative of India, the Marrakech Agreement, which led to the establishment of the WTO and, among other things, the TRIPS Agreement to enter into force left (see United Nations Treaty No.31874, p.26). In 1995 he was the chairman of the SAARC Ministerial Conference.