It is drained by the River Lawa (All). Seat of Rajonsverwaltung is the small town Prawdinsk (formerly Friedland ). The area is sparsely populated and economically underdeveloped. Main occupation of the population is agriculture. Today only the railway line from Tschernjachowsk ( Insterburg ) runs after Schelesnodoroschny ( Gerdauen ) by the Rajongebiet, national road links are missing. The bulk of the traffic thus take over the private and public buses. Like all rural Rajone the Kaliningrad Oblast is also influenced Rajon Prawdinsk of a strong rural exodus.
The Rajon Prawdinsk divided into two urban and two rural communities with the city Prawdinsk, the urban-type settlement Schelesnodoroschny and 115 other settlements ( possjolok ):
The Rajon was founded as Fridljandski rajon on April 7, 1946. He first covered the northern parts of the existing 1945 circuit Bartenstein, who was called to 1927 Circle Friedland, and circle Gerdauen that were according to the new boundaries as a result of World War II in the Soviet Union. Its headquarters was in the former county Bartenstein riverside location with all town Friedland ( officially Fridljand ). On September 7, 1946, the city was renamed Friedland Prawdinsk and Rajon rajon in Prawdinski.
The approximate area of the northern part of the former district Gerdauen was separated on 25 July 1947 as an independent Rajon Schelesnodoroschny from the Rajon Prawdinsk. New in the Rajon came the renamed Druzhba former small town Allenburg on this day from the Rajon Gwardeisk. On December 12, 1962 Rajon Schelesnodoroschny was reconnected to the Rajon Prawdinsk.
As part of local government Rajon was fitted on 21 December 2004 with the status of " municipal " Rajons. The existing administrative areas of municipal administrations of the city Prawdinsk and the urban-type settlement Schelesnodoroschny and the eight village districts were converted into two urban communities and two rural communities.