Prestwick (from Old English: priest "priest" and wic "farm" ) is a town in South Ayrshire on the southwest coast of Scotland, approximately 48 km south-west of Glasgow. It adjoins the larger town of Ayr, the center of which is located about 3 km south.
In addition to Prestwick Airport Prestwick Airport, the city known as the home of golf is known.
Prestwick has existed for over 1,000 years and is the oldest royal city in Scotland. In addition to numerous other kings should also James VI, King of Scotland, to be drawn between the coastal Prestwick and Troon along. Behind the St. Ninian's church is a well, said to have been cured by the water of Robert the Bruce of leprosy.
Since the 1930s, Prestwick was a center of the Scottish aerospace industry. Although there was a decline in the 1980s and 1990s, the airport is currently growing again and is served by a number of budget airlines, including Ryanair and Wizz Air. He is also a major hub for air cargo - Polar Air Cargo is home to a fleet of Boeing 747 freighter aircraft at its Prestwick basis. In addition, BAE Systems, Goodrich Corporation, Spirit AeroSystems and GE Aircraft Engines maintenance or production facilities adjacent to the airport, Ryanair and Polar Air Cargo also have maintenance halls for their machines.
Prestwick was also home to a Royal Navy air base. There also are stationed Sea King search and rescue helicopter. At this airport Elvis Presley began his first time set foot on the territory of the United Kingdom. In July 2005, here the world leaders arrived to participate in the G8 summit in Gleneagles.
Prestwick Airport is one of the cornerstones of the British air traffic control system and controls about 70 % of the UK airspace. Moreover, here the Oceanic Area Control Centre is - responsible for air traffic control of the eastern part of the North Atlantic.
Prestwick is located on the Ayrsche Coast Range between Glasgow and Ayr, which is served every half hour. The city is located about 50 minutes by train from Glasgow. The route continues south to Stranraer on the coast of Wigtownshire.
Prestwick is located on the A79, which runs through the city. Usually you can reach the city but about the important A77 between Glasgow and Stranraer or via the A78 ( Ayrshire Coastal route).
On the Old Course Prestwick 1860, the first Open Golf Championship ( The Open Championship ), the World were played - twelve more followed until 1872 ( in 1871 found no championship instead ). The city has two other golf courses, the St. Nicholas Course and the St. Cuthberts Course.
Prestwick is twinned with